A shortened version of a text, often produced in the belief that it will make an adult book more suitable for children. Cuts may be made to reduce the length of the work, to make its style more accessible, or to exclude material that is perceived to be unsuitable. Books designed originally for children are also sometimes abridged for new generations of readers, often without any acknowledgment that cuts have been made. See also adaptation and bowdlerisation.
A text not simply abridged but largely or wholly re-written. This may be for presentation to a different audience (children rather than adults; very young children rather than older children) or for presentation in a different format (children’s poem rather than folk ballad; film rather than book). See recontextualisation and remediation.
A publication appearing at the same time each year, often at the end of the year for the Christmas market. Annuals became established