This book is a collective work, to which I claim the status of author onlywith the forbearance and agreement of my principal collaborators: Dr. José Enrique Garcilazo, Dr. Olivier Giovannoni, Dr. Joshua Travis Hale, Dr. Sara Hsu, Dr. Hyunsub Kum, Daniel Munevar Sastre, Sergio Pinto, Dr. Deepshikha RoyChowdhury, Dr. Laura Spagnolo, and soon-to-be-Dr. Wenjie Zhang. Each of them contributed to the research underlying the work that follows, as documented by the coauthored articles cited throughout.
A special further word of thanks goes to Laura for producing a consistent and accurate list of references and to Wenjie for converting the original figures and tables into a common format suitable for publication in black and white. Without their meticulous contributions, this book would not have been finished.
Our joint work has been organized for many years under the rubric of the University of Texas Inequality Project, and much corroborating detail, including full datasets, can be found at http://utip.gov.utexas.edu. I am grateful for the efforts over many years of others in the group, not directly represented herein but frequently cited, especially Hamid Ali, Maureen Berner, Amy Calistri, Paulo Calmon, Pedro Conceição, Vidal Garza-Cantú, Junmo Kim, Ludmila Krytynskaia, Jiaqing Lu, Corwin Priest, George Purcell, and Qifei Wang. I’ve had encouragement over many years from the following departed friends: Peter Albin, Robert Eisner, Elspeth and Walt Rostow, and Alexey Sheviakov. Recent discussions with Jing Chen, Ping Chen, Sandy Darity, Tom Ferguson, and David Kiefer have been most helpful. All my life, Luigi Pasinetti has been a model for clarity and rigor and in recent years a steadfast friend of this research, and so I dedicate this book to him.
Work on this book first got under way during my year in 2003–04 as a Carnegie Scholar, and I am deeply grateful especially to Pat Rosenfield of the Carnegie Corporation of New York for that support. Recent backing came