This work would not have come about without the support of a variety of people and institutions. Barnard College has been a consistently warm and supportive community as I worked through the intellectual, personal, and financial logistics of this project. A great thank you is extended to my colleagues, the administration, and the research assistants. A special thank you goes to the following institutions for providing critical support for a project that straddled disciplinary boundaries: Columbia University ISERP seed grant research program, the National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Research Grant Program, and the APSA Public Administration section for awarding me a Volcker Junior Scholar Research Award.
A work that depends on historical documents also depends on librarians and archivists. In addition to the Columbia University libraries, especially its invaluable Oral History Library, I want to thank staff at the following places for graciously accommodating my numerous requests for material: the University of Alabama, Atlanta University, the British Library, Emory University, Fisk University, Georgia State University, the Rockefeller Archive Center, Syracuse University, the South Caroliniana Library, the Richmond History Center, and the Vere Harmsworth Library and Rothermere Institute Library at the University of Oxford. I want to particularly thank Lucious Edwards, university archivist at Virginia State University, whose deep knowledge of southern African American politics proved to be a tremendous help in the initial stages of this project. I also want to thank some unsung and