Sexual Variations and Misdirections
HOW TO UNDERSTAND and appropriately address the reality of homosexuality and bisexuality receives a great deal of attention in Western society today. This is hardly surprising, given that a commitment to individual liberty, freedom, and the pursuit of happiness, as well as to the protection of the rights of minorities, is part of the bedrock of our society. Because of this commitment, U.S. citizens, as well as those of other Western countries, are inclined to let individuals make their own decisions about what they want to do. Unless activities impede the ability of others to pursue the fundamental values, these societies do not interfere. That is true even when the majority of the society disapproves of the particular activities.
Seeking pleasure is often understood as a worthwhile goal that is part of an individual’s protected right to pursue happiness. This chapter explores the extent to which seeking pleasure is a norm which, absent any other norms, is compatible with the natural law approach as articulated through the fundamental values. It also examines whether a particular form of sexual pleasure, between two men or between two women, involves undermining the fundamental value of friendship or the fundamental value of life.
Within the framework of evolution, sexual attraction and sexual pleasure developed to promote the propagation of the species. Man and woman appeal to one 171