I write the pretty mottoes which you find inside the
—William S. Gilbert
Those who study executive power will note that the higher the office, the greater the need for advisors. That was true with FDR. Although he would listen to many opinions, he most often acted from his own impulses and judgments.
Niccolo Machiavelli, oft misunderstood political philosopher of the early sixteenth century, observed:
The first impression one gets of a ruler and of his brains is from seeing the
men he has around him. When they are competent and faithful one can
always consider him wise, as he has been able to recognize their ability
and keep them faithful. But when they are the reverse, one can always
form an unfavorable opinion of him because the first mistake he makes is
in making his choice.1
No one can study the career of Franklin Roosevelt without considering the impact Eleanor had on him.
Franklin ran his first political race in 1910 and won election from Duchess County as a senator in the New York State Assembly. Eleanor played almost no part in this first campaign, being pregnant and having delivered Elliott, their child, only two months before the election. In Albany she was talked about as the wife of one of the state’s most up and