1. Cited in Diane Heckman, “Women and Athletics: A Twenty-Year Retrospective on Title IX,” University of Miami Entertainment and Sports Law Review, Winter 1992, 34.
2. For early analysis about how sports pervade American society as well as world political systems, historically and today, see Nancy Theberg and Peter Donnelly, eds., Sport and the Sociological Imagination (Fort Worth, TX: Texas Christian University Press, 1984); Elaine M. Blinde, “Teaching Sociology of Sport: An Active Learning Approach,” Teaching Sociology, July 1995, 264–268.
3. Lisa De Moraes, “The Super Bowl’s Ratings: Appropriately Decent,” Washington Post, February 8, 2005, C7; “Career-Low Audience for Bush’s State of the Union,” February 3, 2005, http://ca.tv.yahoo.com/news/va/ 20050203/110749470400.html.
4. For this reason, Jeffrey Hill argues that more attention needs to be directed to the way sports contribute to wider political processes. Jeffrey Hill, “Introduction: Sport and Politics,” Journal of Contemporary History, July 2003, 355–361. See also Lincoln Allison, ed., The Changing Politics of Sport (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1993).
5. Melissa M. Beck, “Notes: Fairness on the Field: Amending Title VII to Foster Greater Female Participation in Professional Sports,” Cardozo Law Journal 12 (1994): 244.