MY HEARTFELT THANKS to my readers and sources, without whom this book truly would not have been possible: Liz Brandt, Nusrat Choudhury, George Christian, Ralph Fertig, Paul Gangsei, David Gangsei, Erica Herman Gangsei, Lee Gelernt, Melissa Goodman, George Herman, Jameel Jaffer, Abdullah al-Kidd, Lindy Laub, Mary Lieberman, Michael Madow, Christopher Man, Brandon Mayfield, Nick Merrill, David Nevin, Roya Rahmani, Paul Rashkind, Anthony Romero, Ali Safavi, Erich Scherfen, Steve Shapiro, Jay Stanley, Rubina Tareen, Nelson Tebbe, Jennifer Turner, Vic Walczak, and Ben Wizner.
For their invaluable research assistance and support, I am grateful to Emily Powers, Anita Aboagye-Agyeman, Allison Lack, Tia Clinton, and Ateqah Khaki, and for their commitment to this project and wise advice, I thank my agent, Sydelle Kramer, and my editor, Dave McBride.
For academic support and early encouragement, I thank my colleagues and faculty workshop members at Brooklyn, Cornell, and NYU Law Schools, and the Brooklyn Law School research stipend program. Thanks also to Professor Theodore Ruger.
I also want to thank and acknowledge the perceptive early critics of the Patriot Act, including Rachel King, whose work at the ACLU served as a template for all who followed, and Russell Feingold, the only senator to vote against the Patriot Act.