Realists, Nationalists, and Globalists and the Nature
of Contemporary Rising Powers
NIKOLA MIRILOVIC AND DEEPA M. OLLAPALLY
Some of the most important questions for the contemporary international relations system have to do with the nature of the rise of key powers in Greater Asia, and with the future of the relations of those countries with the United States. Is the rise of China likely to be peaceful? How will emerging India orient its foreign policy making?
This chapter analyzes the key cross-national trends in domestic foreign policy debates in rising and aspiring powers in Asia and Eurasia. We also explore the likely implications of those trends for international relations in the region and for United States foreign policy. The chapter shows three key patterns: (1) the cross-national similarity of the spectrum of relevant foreign policy schools, (2) the tendency of the center of gravity within that spectrum to be located on its realist and/or nationalist side, and (3) the cross-national trend away from idealism toward realism and/ or nationalism in general and, in some cases, toward their relatively pragmatic variants in particular.1 We describe the key arguments of each school of thought, address the nature of their influence and how they relate to one another, and identify, based on the country chapters in this edited volume, their key proponents in the countries studied.
What do these trends mean for relations between key players in the region? How will they translate into their relationships with the United