1. There are several accounts of the establishment of the nation’s first CCC camp. See especially Erie Kauffman, “Roosevelt: Forest Camp No. 1,” American Forests 39, no. 6 (June 1933): 251; Captain Leo Donovan, “The Establishment of the First Civilian Conservation Corps Camp,” Infantry Journal (July-August 1933): 245; and William Train, Jr., “Building Camp Roosevelt … the First Civilian Conservation Corps Camp in the U.S.,” National Association of CCC Alumni Journal (November 1992): 6.
2. The literature on the CCC is scant. The best administrative history of the Corps is John Salmond, The Civilian Conservation Corps, 1933–1942: A New Deal Case Study (Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1967). For a survey of CCC work under the U.S. Forest Service, see Alison Otis, The Forest Service and the Civilian Conservation Corps, 1933–1942 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1986). For CCC work under the Park Service, see John Paige, The Civilian Conservation Corps and the National Park Service: An Administrative History (Washington, D.C.: National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, 1985); for an examination of African Americans in the CCC, see Olen Cole, The African-American Experience in the Civilian Conservation Corps (Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1999). Nonscholarly histories of the CCC include Ray Hoyt, We Can Take It: A Short Story of the CCC (Cincinnati, Ohio: American Book Company, 1935); Charles Harper, The Administration of the CCC (Clarksburg, W.Va.: Clarksburg, 1939); and James McEntee, Now They Are Men: The Story of the CCC (Washington, D.C.: National Home Library Foundation, 1940).
3. Robert Fechner, Annual Report of the Director of the Civilian Conservation Corps: Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1939 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1939), 7, located at RG35: CCC, Entry 3: Annual, Special, and Final Reports, NARA. The reports of the CCC director are essential for understanding the history of the Corps. Locating them, however, can be difficult because reports from the early CCC years were not published for the public, while later reports were printed by the U.S. Government Printing Office. Thankfully, all of these reports are located at Record Group 35: Civilian