Gettysburg -- The First Day

By Harry W. Pfanz | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 12
Ewell and Rodes
Reach the Field

Four Confederate generals met at the hamlet of Heidlersburg on the evening of 30 June to discuss orders received that day from General Lee. General Ewell, who had called the meeting, if it were so formal a gathering, was there with two of his three division commanders—Robert Rodes and Jubal Early. Maj. Gen. Isaac Trimble also sat in on the conversation. Generals Ewell, Rodes, and Trimble had come south from Carlisle that day with Rodes’s division, and Early had brought his division west from York to its bivouac area about three miles to the east of the crossroads. Trimble had no assignment within the corps. Yet he is a principal, and biased, source for what happened both at this meeting and at Ewell’s headquarters on the following day. Ewell, Early, and Rodes would have special responsibilities in the events of 1 July, while Trimble would affect their place in history.

Jubal Early (“Old Jube,” “Old Jubilee,” and probably some other nicknames, too—Lee referred to him as “my bad old man”) was a Virginian, born on 3 November 1816. He was in West Point’s class of 1837, along with Union generals Joseph Hooker and John Sedgwick, and after graduation he served as an artillery subaltern in Florida. He resigned his commission in 1838 to study law and practiced it in Rocky Mount, Virginia. Early participated in Whig politics and served a term in the state legislature. He was a major in the 1st Virginia Regiment in Mexico but saw no fighting there. He was a bachelor.

Early had opposed secession, but once Virginia seceded, he became an ardent Confederate. He entered the army as colonel of the 24th Virginia, became a brigadier general on 21 July 1861, and commanded a brigade at

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Gettysburg -- The First Day
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Maps ix
  • Illustrations xi
  • Preface xiii
  • Acknowledgments xvii
  • Introduction - Fredericksburg to the Potomac 1
  • Chapter 1 - Ewell’s Raid 10
  • Chapter 2 - Lee’s Army Concentrates 21
  • Chapter 3 - Meade’s Pursuit 30
  • Chapter 4 - Meade and Reynolds 43
  • Chapter 5 - Reconnaissance in Force 51
  • Chapter 6 - Reynolds’s Final and Finest Hour 69
  • Chapter 7 - Cutler’s Cock Fight 80
  • Chapter 8 - McPherson Woods 91
  • Chapter 9 - The Railroad Cut 102
  • Chapter 10 - Noon Lull 115
  • Chapter 11 - Howard and the Eleventh Corps 131
  • Chapter 12 - Ewell and Rodes Reach the Field 145
  • Chapter 13 - Oak Ridge 157
  • Chapter 14 - Daniel’s and Ramseur’s Brigades Attack 179
  • Chapter 15 - Daniel Strikes Stone 194
  • Chapter 16 - Schurz Prepares for Battle 214
  • Chapter 17 - Early’s Division Attacks 227
  • Chapter 18 - Gordon and Doles Sweep the Field 239
  • Chapter 19 - The Brickyard Fight 258
  • Chapter 20 - Heth Attacks 269
  • Chapter 21 - Retreat from McPherson Ridge 294
  • Chapter 22 - Seminary Ridge 305
  • Chapter 23 - Retreat through the Town 321
  • Chapter 24 - Cemetery Hill 331
  • Chapter 25 - Epilogue 350
  • Appendix A - John Burns 357
  • Appendix B - The Color Episode of the 149Th P.V.I 360
  • Appendix C - Children of the Battlefield 367
  • Appendix D - Order of Battle 370
  • Notes 381
  • Bibliography 437
  • Index 459
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