First and foremost, to my wife, Barbara Ann Waldron, she has endured countless hours of inconvenience, separation, and rereads of my papers in the course of my academic pursuits. Barbara has served as the primary editor throughout my academic career, and for this book specifically. Edward Barth, a former police partner and a fellow academic/practitioner with whom I earned both my undergraduate and Master’s degrees. Simply put, he was the best cop I ever worked with. He also served as a sounding board and editor for this book and I am eternally in his debt.
To my sons John Joseph and Kevin Patrick who have basically never known their father not to be attending school in one form or another for their entire lives. For using their considerable powers of persuasion to open door and gain access to those who could make this research possible, Michael Waldron, and Joseph DeBaise.
To Dr. Maki Haberfeld, whose guidance and wisdom were and are still instrumental in my life and to my achievements. The tenacity in every project she undertakes and accomplishes is but a reflection of her steely inner strength of character and highest personal integrity. Thanks also to Dr. Barry Spunt and Dr. Larry Sullivan whose insightful suggestions and recommendations have helped produce this finished product. Thanks to all of you for your time and efforts on my behalf.
To the many police officers, past and present members of the Union County, New Jersey Police Department and the Sayreville, New Jersey Police Department with whom I had the honor and pleasure to serve with and work beside, during my 26 years in law enforcement.
To Dr. Nicholas P. Lovrich, who is an exceptional editor, and showed great patience in revising the original draft of this book. Mr.