|CWF||Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Archives, Oral History Collection, Williamsburg, Virginia|
|Duke||Duke University, William R. Perkins Library, Durham, North Carolina|
|GBMP||George B. McClellan Papers, Library of Congress, Manuscripts Division, Washington, D.C.|
|LC||Library of Congress, Manuscripts Division, Washington, D.C.|
|LV||Library of Virginia, Richmond|
|OR||U.S. War Department, The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies (unless otherwise noted, all references are to series 1).|
|SHC||University of North Carolina, Southern Historical Collection, Chapel Hill|
|USAMHI||U.S. Army Military History Institute, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania|
|VHS||Virginia Historical Society, Richmond|
|WM||College of William and Mary, Manuscripts and Rare Books Department, Swem Library, Williamsburg, Virginia|
1. Washington Post, April 30, 2000; New York Times, November 15, 1997. See also Pitcaithley, “A Cosmic Threat,” 168–86.
2. Washington Post, April 30, 2000 (italics added).
3. For an interesting consideration of Civil War interpretation as reflected in various forms of modern popular culture, see Gallagher, Causes Won, Lost, and Forgotten.
4. Los Angeles Times, April 7, 2010; Washington Post, April 8, 2010. Under heavy pressure, the governor apologized for the omission and altered the proclamation to acknowledge slavery’s role in the Civil War.
5. Gallagher, “Lee to the Fore,” 6–8; Cullen, The Peninsula Campaign; Allan, Army of Northern Virginia in 1862; Freeman, Lee’s Lieutenants, vol. 1; Dowdey, The Seven Days; Sears, To the Gates of Richmond.
6. Gallagher, The Richmond Campaign of 1862; William J. Miller, Peninsula Campaign of 1862; Dougherty and Moore, Peninsula Campaign of 1862; Burton, Extraordinary Circumstances.
7. See, for example, Quarles, Lincoln and the Negro, 125–26; Grimsley, Hard Hand of War, 68–78; Gallagher, Richmond Campaign of 1862, 16–17; McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom, 489–90; McPherson, Crossroads of Freedom, 41–71; Goodwin, Team of Rivals, 462; Donald, Lincoln, 358–60.
8. Gallagher, The Union War, 121–24, asserts that because historians have often failed to successfully blend military history with the war’s social and political as-