Writing this book was a long journey, and I have, as most longdistance travelers do, accumulated debts of gratitude to countless individuals and organizations along the way. First, I would like to thank the following institutions for their financial support: Michigan State University’s Intramural Research Grant Program (IRGP) made possible a semester of full-time research and writing; the Social Science Research Council / Japan Foundation Center for Global Partnership and the Japan Foundation’s Short-Term Research Fellowship funded earlier stages of research in Japan; travel grants provided by the Northeast Council of the Association for Asian Studies and the University of Maryland Center for Historical Studies were indispensable to visits to archival collections within the United States. Archivists and librarians who have assisted me in the course of my archival odyssey are too numerous to list in full here, but I would like to acknowledge some of them by way of expressing my deep appreciation for their support and expertise. David Kelly of the Library of Congress, Julia Gardner of the University of Chicago Library Special Collections, Akiko Ogawa and Reiko Yamane of the Japanese Baseball Hall of Fame Museum and Library, Eiko Sakaguchi of the Prange Collection, Tokiko Bazzell of the University of Hawaii Hamilton Library, and Miruko Atsuta of the Japanese Foreign Ministry Archives unstintingly shared their fount of knowledge about the records I needed to consult. Frank Baldwin, Frank Costigliola, Itsuki Kurashina, Bill Lannen, Michael Lewis, Patrick Miller, Masako Notoji, Steven Riess, Cecilia Samonte, Takuya Sasaki, Kristin Stapleton, Koji Terachi, Takuya Toda-Ozaki, and Hiroshi Yoneyama provided me with venues for presenting my preliminary research and receiving valuable feedback from informed audiences.
Many colleagues generously shared their own work in progress or their time by reading and critiquing my earlier drafts, and some of them directed my attention to scholarship I overlooked that was relevant to my project. These generous souls and comrades in the community of scholars include Toyomi Asano, E. Taylor Atkins, Eiichiro Azuma, Thomas Blackwood, Philip Block, Robert Bonner, Sandra Collins, Matthew Connelly, John Coogan, Mark Dyreson, Maureen Flanagan, Gerald Gems, Dan Gilbert, Laura Hein, Masaru Ikei, Richard Isomaki, Kohei Kawashima, William Kelly, Barbara Keys, Hidemasa Kokaze, Fumitaka Kuro