The Judaizing Calvin: Sixteenth-Century Debates over the Messianic Psalms

By G. Sujin Pak | Go to book overview

3
Martin Bucer
Christological Readings through Historical Exegesis

Martin Bucer’s commentary on the Book of Psalms is recognized as his most admired commentary, as evidenced by its many editions despite its considerable size. Bucer first published his Sacrorum Psalmorum Libri Quinque in 1529, and it later underwent five editions and two French translations.1 His 1529 Psalms commentary was also translated into English a year later and most likely provided significant textual material for the English Psalter of “Matthew’s Bible” and “Marshall’s Primer.”2 Important Psalms commentaries closely prior to Bucer’s commentary include expositions and paraphrases of certain Psalms by Erasmus (1515) and commentaries by Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples (1508), Felix Pratensis (1515), Martin Luther (Operationes in Psalmos, 1519-1521), Johannes Bugenhagen (1524), and Conrad Pellican (1527).3 The significance of Bucer’s commentary on the Psalms in relation and contrast to these contemporary authors lies in his skills as a Christian Hebraist.4

Martin Bucer lectured on the Book of Psalms to a small group in Heidelberg late in the year of 1519. Furthermore, he probably lectured publicly on the Psalms in Strasbourg in 1524-1525 and again in 1528-1529. In 1525, Bucer translated Johannes Bugenhagen’s 1524 commentary on the Psalms into German. Indeed, he not only translated Bugenhagen’s work but also had permission from the author to edit it, which Bucer did, but not all to the liking of the original author. He revised the translation of Bugenhagen’s Psalter along the lines of Luther’s Psalter, adapted it to the Hebrew numbering

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The Judaizing Calvin: Sixteenth-Century Debates over the Messianic Psalms
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Acknowledgments vii
  • Contents ix
  • Abbreviations xi
  • Introduction 3
  • 1- Medieval and Late-Medieval Interpreters - The Legacy of Literal Prophecies of Christ 13
  • 2- Martin Luther - Literal Prophecies Redeployed 31
  • 3- Martin Bucer - Christological Readings through Historical Exegesis 55
  • 4- John Calvin - The Sufficiency of David 77
  • 5- The Judaizing Calvin - The Debate of Hunnius and Pareus 103
  • Conclusion 125
  • Notes 141
  • Select Bibliography 193
  • Index 209
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