The Judaizing Calvin: Sixteenth-Century Debates over the Messianic Psalms

By G. Sujin Pak | Go to book overview

5
The Judaizing Calvin
The Debate of Hunnius and Pareus

Calvin’s emphasis on a Psalm’s primary meaning concerning David (and only secondarily concerning Christ) and his assertion of his own interpretation of a Psalm as more in keeping with its plain sense than that of the apostles themselves are two of the key issues that are at the heart of the Lutheran Aegidius Hunnius’s charges ofjudaizing against him. Hunnius time and again accuses Calvin of tearing the meaning of a Psalm away from the apostolic exegesis of it and arrogantly asserting his own reading. Thus Hunnius maintains that Calvin claims his own personal authority not only over the patristic biblical interpretive tradition, but also above and beyond the authority of the apostles themselves.1

Likewise, Hunnius also disparages Calvin’s absence of employing these eight Psalms to teach the doctrines of Trinity and the two natures of Christ. He writes that Calvin’s exegesis of these Psalms entangles the doctrines of Trinity and the two natures of Christ in “his thorn bush of tricks.”2 Thus, by not rendering the christological reading as the primary sense and by denying the teachings of Trinity and the two natures of Christ found in these Psalms, Hunnius believes Calvin covers these most clear prophecies with “Jewish perversions.” He contends that the end result of Calvin’s exegesis is to shatter and undermine the exegetical foundations of Christian teachings of Trinity and the two natures of Christ and, more generally, the church’s christological readings of the Old Testament. In these ways, says Hunnius, Calvin opens up Scripture to Jewish and Arian

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The Judaizing Calvin: Sixteenth-Century Debates over the Messianic Psalms
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Acknowledgments vii
  • Contents ix
  • Abbreviations xi
  • Introduction 3
  • 1- Medieval and Late-Medieval Interpreters - The Legacy of Literal Prophecies of Christ 13
  • 2- Martin Luther - Literal Prophecies Redeployed 31
  • 3- Martin Bucer - Christological Readings through Historical Exegesis 55
  • 4- John Calvin - The Sufficiency of David 77
  • 5- The Judaizing Calvin - The Debate of Hunnius and Pareus 103
  • Conclusion 125
  • Notes 141
  • Select Bibliography 193
  • Index 209
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