I am especially grateful to Helen Eliaspur for many hours of discussion on the intellectual problems that I faced while writing this book. By asking me the right questions, she helped me to worry about what I was writing, clarify my thoughts, and process the mass of research I had undertaken.
I thank Rabbi Reuven P. Bulka for a fruitful discussion of my topic, for his encouragement, and for his comments on some early chapters. Thanks to Professor Morton Ostow and Dr. David Ryde for their comments on individual chapters. Thanks also to Professor Chava Turniansky for discussion about Glückl of Hameln, Susanne Bennewitz for sharing with me some fascinating nineteenth-century women’s prayerbooks, and Yaffa Eizen for helping me understand some Yiddish prayers. I am grateful to Hannah Mann for many helpful discussions and to Bill Gross for allowing me to study items in his family collection of Judaica.
I am most grateful to Ms. Rachel Segal for reading my manuscript carefully from end to end, and to my father, Dr. Peter Castle, who willingly reviewed my chapters countless times as I wrote and rewrote them. Their thoughtful remarks were most helpful.
I appreciate having been able to work in the Jewish National University Library, and thank the librarians, especially Gila Flam, the director of the music department. I also found considerable source materials in the Tel Aviv University Sourasky library, as well as in the