The Physical Geography of Western Europe

By Eduard A. Koster | Go to book overview

Subject Index
Geographic references have been omitted from the index because the
sufficient information to locate toponyms and other geographic entities.
Bold numbers denote reference to figures and tables.
active layer 77, 78, see also permafrost
active layer earthflows 86, see also (rapid) mass movements
active slope deposits 82, see also mass movements
aeolian deposits 88, 89
areal distribution 142
cover sands 139, 140, 141, 143–5
coverloams (sand loam, sandy loess, silty loess) 139, 140, 141, 264
drift sands 139, 140, 141, 145–8
dune sands 139
facies types 144
loess 139, 140, 141, 148–9, 264, 324
aeolian landforms (terminology) 88, 141
coastal dunes 140, 141, 149–51
inland dunes 140, 141
river dunes 140, 141
sand sheets 139
aeolian processes 88
drift potential 157
modes of sediment transport 152
phases of aeolian activity 154
transport simulation models 157
aeolian sediment properties 144, 152
grain form, roundness, surface texture 152
grainfall deposition 148
grainsize distribution 152
mineralogical composition 152
secundary (postgenetic) structures 148
(primary) sedimentary structures 144, 145
tractional deposition 148
aerosols 303, 306
agriculture 241, 242, 311
lynchets (banquette) 246
mountain grazing (estive)245
‘precision agriculture’ 325–6
agricultural diffuse pollution 388–9, see also water pollution
(by) arable farming 389
(by) dairy farming 389
(by) livestock production 389
air pollution 379–80, 381, 382–3
ammonia emission 379–80
concentrations of air pollutants 383
nitrogen oxides emission 380–1
ozone production 381
particulates suspension 382
sulphur dioxide emission 382
total emissions of pollutants 382
volatile organic compounds (VOC’s) 381
air pollution impacts 383–5
acidification 379, 380, 384, see also soil-forming processes
deposited air pollutants 384–5
eutrophication 379, 380, 384, see also soil-forming processes
lichens as biomarkers 383
soil buffering capacity 384
toxicity 384
Waldsterben (forest ‘decline’) 385
air pollution policies 384–5
ambient air quality standards 383
critical loads 384, 385
emission reduction policies 382
emission reduction targets 382
EU Air Framework Directive 385
EU Clean Air for Europe (CAFÉ) Programme 385
EU National Emission Ceilings Directive (NECD) 384
national emission ceilings 385
national forest-damage surveys 385
statutory quality standards 383
vehicle emissions legislation 385
alas, see thermokarst lakes
albitization 232
Allerød interstadial 143, 418
alluvial architecture 108
Alpine Foreland (France) 271–3
Alpine Foreland (Germany) 208, 210, 227, 228
Tertiary Hills region 217, 228
Alpine glacial cycles, see Alpine Quaternary stratigraphy
Alpine glacier basins,
Iller–Wertach–Lech glacier 216
Inn–Chiemsee glacier 217
Loisach–Isar glacier 217
Rhine glacier 216
Salzach glacier 217
Alpine ice sheets 217, 218
Alpine orogeny 3, 8–9, 29, 32, 212
Adriatic microplate 8
African plate 8
Austro Alpine zone 10
Dauphinois zone 10
Eoalpine phase 9
Eurasian plate 8
Helvetic zone 10–11
Mesoalpine phase 9
Neoalpine phase 9
Penninic zone 10–11
Sillon subalpin 11
South Alpine zone 10
Tethis ocean 9, 270, 275
Tethis Sea geosyncline 32
Alpine Quaternary stratigraphy 41
Biber Ice Age 41, 219
Donau Ice Age 41, 219
Günz 41, 43, 216
Mindel 41, 47, 216
Riss 41, 54, 216, 271, 278–80
Würm 41, 216, 271, 275, 278–80
Alpine Trough (Sillon Alpin) 274
Atlantic rifting 6
amphidromic points 123, see also tides
anastomosing river 87, see also river regimes
arable fields (Gäuflächen) 226
Arctic regions, wind transport 145
asymmetric valleys 88, see also dry valleys
atmospheric circulation, reconstruction 152
avalanche forecasting and prevention 372
avalanche types,
aerosol, dense and mixed 371
powder and slab 283
avulsions 107–8, see also river dynamics
avulsion frequency 107
badlands formation 422
Baltic ice dome theory 72
Baltic River system 47–8, 93, 96

-427-

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