BEES AND NEW
If the Lord delights in us, then He will bring us into this land
… a land which flows with milk and honey.
European settlers often quoted this biblical phrase to justify their colonization efforts. As long as settlers had cattle and bees, they could be assured of the basic essentials—food, wax, medicine, candles, and clothing. So powerful was the Bible verse that even though cattle and honey bees did not exist in North America, colonizers envisioned the New World as having them in the immediate future. But each European country handled its land acquisition in different ways. Whereas French and spanish explorers conducted formal negotiations with Native Americans for land rights in the New World, the English settlers merely appropriated land that appeared unused. Summing up the English mind-set that land should be cultivated or else it was wasted, George Peckham states, “I doo verily think that God did create lande, to that end that it shold by Culture and husbandrie, yeeld things necessary for mans lyfe.”1 Because English settlers did not recognize or acknowledge Native American agri-