The Marxist and the Movies: A Biography of Paul Jarrico

By Larry Ceplair | Go to book overview

4
The Cold War in Hollywood, 1945–47

In the coming struggle for power the middle-class intellectual will
face a great moral crisis. He will have to choose between secu-
rity (for himself and his family) and sacrifice. Since the security
offered him will be illusory, his real choice will be between cow-
ardice and heroism.… He will not serve fascism in America even
if his refusal to do so is called treason.

—Paul Jarrico, 1946

Well before World War II ended and the cold war between the United States and the Soviet Union commenced, anti-Communist organizations and government agencies began to position themselves for a full-scale offensive against communism and Communists in Hollywood, their liberal allies, and their front organizations.

J. Edgar Hoover, the director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, led the attack. In September 1942, he sent to the bureau’s Los Angeles office a memorandum and a copy of a pamphlet titled Radical ArtistsWritersActors—Musicians Demand a Second Front, which had been provided to the bureau by an “unknown outside source.”1 Noting that 21 of the 116 signers of that pamphlet were from Hollywood, Hoover authorized a massive investigation of the industry under the code name COMPIC (Communist Infiltration— Motion Picture Industry). The following February, the special agent in charge of Los Angeles (SACLA) sent to Washington a 211-page report that stated that about one-half of the Hollywood unions were controlled by the Communist Party or closely followed the party line

-83-

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The Marxist and the Movies: A Biography of Paul Jarrico
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Abbreviations xi
  • Part 1- Screenwriting 1
  • 1- The Early Years 1915–36 3
  • 2- Screenwriting and Communism, 1936–39 25
  • 3- World War II, 1939–45 45
  • Part 2- Blacklist 81
  • 4- The Cold War in Hollywood, 1945–47 83
  • 5- The Interregnum, 1948–50 101
  • 6- The Blacklist Expands, 1951–52 117
  • 7- Salt of the Earth, 1952–54 137
  • 8- The Black Market and Khrushchev’s Speech, 1954–58 159
  • Part 3- Emigration 175
  • 9- Europe, 1958–75 177
  • 10- Political Battles, 1958–75 201
  • Part 4- Home Again 219
  • 11- Back in the USA, 1975–97 221
  • Epilogue 237
  • Filmography 243
  • Notes 255
  • Index 311
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