The Psalms through Three Thousand Years: Prayerbook of a Cloud of Witnesses

By William L. Holladay | Go to book overview

11
The Psalms
for Reformation Protestants

In the year 1054 the split between the Eastern and Western churches became definitive, with mutual excommunications; it was a split that was the result of centuries of divergence between Greek-speaking and Latin-speaking Christians, between the erstwhile political centers of Constantinople and Rome. But the Reformation, the split within the Western church beginning in 1517 that resulted in the birth of various Protestant churches, was the result of theological, cultural, political, and economic causes that were by comparison sudden in their emergence and awesome in their consequences.

As with the historical background for chapters 9 and 10 (the history of the Jews in the last two millennia and the story of the spread of the Christian faith until the sixteenth century), I can only sketch a suggestion of the historical background for the Reformation. But I must note a few details, particularly as they bear on the use of the Psalms in the Reformation churches.

The perfection of the art of printing from movable type in about 1450 reshaped the lives of Europeans as much as the advent of television in the middle of our own century has reshaped our own lives. As the sixteenth century began, printed material was everywhere, not only books but pamphlets and leaflets, the latter two often illustrated with woodcuts to reinforce the word. And though the ecclesiastical and political authorities tried, they could not really control the production of printed material any more than the recent Communist government of Romania could insist on the governmental registration of typewriters, or the former Soviet Union on the control of photocopying machines. The spread of the printed word encouraged literacy, and literacy encouraged the spread of the printed word.

And that printed word was in vernacular languages as well as in Latin. It is a wonderful thing to see and comprehend, in neat ranks of letters, one’s own tongue.

By this time, too, the knowledge of Greek was spreading in the West, reinforced by the Greek manuscripts that were brought west by refugees fleeing Constantinople as it fell to the Turks in 1453. Humanist scholarship encouraged the study of the New Testament in Greek and the comparison of the text traditions of

-191-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Psalms through Three Thousand Years: Prayerbook of a Cloud of Witnesses
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 395

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.