Lothagam: The Dawn of Humanity in Eastern Africa

By Meave G. Leakey; John M. Harris | Go to book overview

Index
aardvarks, 363–368, 628
aardwolf, 662
Aberegaiya clay paleosols, 32, 35, 37, 41, 42
Abu Dhabi, 642–643, 646, 647, 648
Abudhabia baynunensis, 178, 179, 195
Abudhabia cf. A. kabulense, 178
Abudhabia kabulense, 178, 179, 195
Abudhabia sp., 169, 178–180, 188, 191, 195, 627, 643, 645, 656
Adcrocuta eximia, 311
Aegondontia, 531
Aepyceros melampus, 551, 597, 642, 665
Aepyceros premelampus, 533, 551–555, 571–577, 631, 658, 665
Aepyceros shungurae, 554–555
Aepycerotini, 531, 532, 550–555, 628, 631, 632, 647
Aepyornithidae, 161
Aeypyornis sp., 162
African sites: fauna, 639–642, 645–648, 664; isotopic analysis, 608–611, 615–624. See also Lothagam fauna
Akimi clay paleosol, 35, 36, 37, 39, 41, 42
Alcelaphini: derivation, 647; isotopic analysis, 610, 624; Lothagam species, 531, 532, 547–549, 556, 570, 628, 629, 632, 638, 658; Varswater Formation, 641; Wembere-Manonga Formation, 640
Alcelaphus buselaphus, 547
Alcelaphus buselaphus jacksoni, 598
Alcelaphus sp., 547
Alestessp., 81, 109, 111
Alilepus sp., 169, 170–172, 188, 191, 627, 645, 656
Alouatta palliata, 229
ambelodonts, Sahabi Formation, 642
Amebelodon cyrenaicus, 335, 642
Amphicyon giganteus, 263, 310
Amphicyon major, 263, 310
Amphicyon sp., 263, 310
Amphicyonidae, 261, 263–265, 310, 315, 627, 635, 638, 645, 656
Amphimachairodus sp., 304
analcime, 35
Anancus kenyensis: isotopic analysis, 609, 621; Lothagam species, 331, 332–335, 353, 627–628, 638, 639, 646, 657
Anancus sp.: Lothagam species, 332, 332–335, 350, 622, 634, 641; Lukeino site, 646
Anatidae, 165
Anhinga rufa, 163
antelope, 531, 539
Antemus, 185
Anthracotheriidae, 641
Antilopini, 531, 532, 555–556, 628, 632, 647
Apak Member, 3, 4, 5, 17; birds, 161, 164, 166; Bovidae, 531, 532, 534–536, 537, 541, 542, 545, 546, 548, 549, 554, 555, 556, 561, 629, 632; Carnivora, 261, 280, 291, 293, 305, 309, 627, 635; Cercopithecidae, 201, 214, 222, 227, 627, 633; colobines, 222; crabs, 67, 631; crocodilians, 138, 145, 152; deinotheres, 360; depositional history, 625, 629; Elephantoidea, 331, 332, 336, 349, 609, 628, 633, 634; equids, 633; faunal turnover, 636–638; first appearance records, 659; fish, 75–82, 80, 84, 85, 93–95, 97–99, 104–106, 626, 631; giraffids, 525, 634; habitat, 636, 665; hipparions, 347, 393, 400, 401, 409, 416, 425–426, 429–430, 437, 628; Hippopotamidae, 441, 445–446, 458, 459, 477–482, 609, 611, 628, 631, 632; hominids, 249, 250, 627; isotopic analysis, 607, 615–624; lagomorphs, 172, 635; last appearance records, 660; lithostratigraphy, 24, 28, 46, 49, 629; mammals, 656–658; paleosols, 37; proboscideans, 611–612, 646; radiometric dating, 54, 57, 58, 62, 63; Rhinocerotidae, 371, 372, 377, 385, 634; Suidae, 490, 494, 498, 505, 506, 610, 628, 632, 647; summary of fauna, 630, 635; turtles, 119, 130, 626
Arabian Peninsula sites, 642–643, 646, 647
Ardeidae, 163–164
Ardipithecus ramidus, 251, 252, 254, 648
Aren clay paleosol, 32, 35, 37, 39, 41, 42
argon-argon age dating, 43–64
Arvicanthis sp., 191
Asian sites, 643, 646
Auchenglanissp., 111
Australopithecus afarensis, 252, 254, 648
Australopithecus africanus, 648
Australopithecus anamensis, 58, 249, 252, 254, 627, 648
Australopithecus cf. A. afarensis, 249, 255, 638, 656
Bagridae, 94–96
Bagrus sp., 94–95, 111
Barbus altianalis, 79
Barbus bynni, 79
Barbus sp., 79–80, 108, 111
Baringo Basin, 608, 639
Baynunah Formation, 642–643, 647
Beatragus sp., 547
Beglia Formation, 646
bichir, 76–77
biomass estimates, mixing model for, 589–590
birds, 161–166, 627
black rhino, 602, 603
bongo, 603
Boocerus eurycerus, 603
Boodontia, 531
Bos taurus, 598
Boselaphini, 531, 532, 536–537, 539, 556, 563, 564, 628, 631, 632, 638, 647, 658
Boselaphus tragocamelus, 665
Bovidae: isotopic analysis, 610, 612, 624; Lothagam species, 531–579, 628, 631–632, 635, 647, 658, 664–665; Sahabi Formation, 641, 642; WembereManonga Formation, 639, 640
Bovini: isotopic analysis, 624; Lothagam species, 531, 532, 534–536, 556, 561, 628, 632, 647, 658
Brachypotherium aurelianense, 663

-667-

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Lothagam: The Dawn of Humanity in Eastern Africa
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • 1 - Introduction 1
  • 2 - Geology, Paleosols, and Dating 15
  • 3 - Crustacea and Pisces 65
  • 4 - Reptilia and Aves 113
  • 5 - Lagomorpha and Rodentia 167
  • 6 - Primates 199
  • 7 - Carn1vora 259
  • 8 - Pr0b0sc1dea and Tubul1dentata 329
  • 9 - Perissodactyla 369
  • 10 - Hippopotam1dae and Suidae 439
  • 11 - Ruminantia 521
  • 12 - Isotopes 579
  • 12.1 Stable Isotope Ecology of Northern Kenya, with Emphasis on the Turkana Basin 581
  • 13 - Lothagam- Its Significance and Contributions 623
  • Appendix - Notes on the Reconstructions of Fossil Vertebrates from Lothagam 659
  • Contributors 665
  • Index 667
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