Collective Animal Behavior

By David J. T. Sumpter | Go to book overview

Index
Note: Page numbers in bold indicate boxes; italic page numbers refer to illustrations including charts and graphs.
active walker model, 167–68, 169
adaptive dynamics, 230–31, 232–33
aggregation: “aggregation economy” (attraction to conspecifics), 42; cockroaches and, 78, 79, 84, 102, 103, 104, 105, 108, 195–96; costs and benefits of, 14–16, 125–26; individual behavior and, 125–26, 195; models of, 21, 29–32, 36, 104; Niwa’s Merge and Split Model, 32; physical environment and, 108; selfish herd models and, 125–26; self-propelled particle models and, 102, 104, 106–8, 108; in space, 104, 108–9. See also group size
aggregation economy, 42
albatrosses, 64–65
algorithms: analysis and robustness of, 215–18; for emigration, 209, 211–15, 211–18; for transport networks, 171
alignment: cohesive groups and, 111; density as factor in, 109–10; locusts and, 110–11, 114, 115, 126–27; self-organization and, 109–14, 118–20, 126; in self-propelled particle (SPP) models, 107–8, 116; transition from disorder to order, 109–14, 126
altruism, 241, 245; evolution of, 224; “failed,” 227–28, 233, 234, 242; Hamilton’s rule and, 234, 245–48; inclusive fitness and, 245–48; information transfer and, 61–63
ants: antennal contacts between, 175–76; cemetery construction by, 152–55; chamber and catacomb structure of nests, 160, 161, 162–63; crater construction by, 155–56, 157; emigration behaviors of, 81, 208–13, 209, 210, 212, 217; information transfer by, 4–5, 175–76 (see also pheromones and ant trails under this heading); Leptothorax spp., 141; nest construction by, 155–57, 160–63, 161; pheromones and ant trails, 45–54, 61, 83, 94, 163, 165–66, 168–70, 207–8; quorum decision making and, 80, 81; raid networks of army, 166, 168–70; regulatory feedback and, 175–76; synchronization of activity cycles, 141, 142; tandem-running recruitment strategy of, 5, 57, 80, 81, 209, 210, 211–13, 212, 217; Temnothorax spp. (see Temnothorax ants); trail construction by, 163, 164, 165–66, 168–70; transport networks of wood, 165–66
attraction: cohesive groups and, 111, 114; Couzin model, 118; cues and cockroach aggregation, 78–79, 79, 82; SPP models and, 106–7
bark beetles, 108, 157–58, 158, 236
bats, 58, 63
bees: signals used by, 198; stingless bees, 57. See also honeybees
behavioral state modeling, 199–204, 200, 201–3
bifurcation, 51, 52, 53, 78–79, 85; bifurcation diagrams, 48–51, 50
birds: flocks as dynamic spatial patterns (see self-propelled particle (SPP) models); navigation by, 90, 120–21; social parasitism among, 149–50; v-shaped flight formations of, 15. See also chickens, feeding behavior of; cliff swallows
body size: group size and, 41
Bonabeau & Dagorn merge model, 28; power law distributions and, 28–30
caterpillars: co-operative construction by, 159, 236; foraging by, 57, 83, 239

-293-

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Collective Animal Behavior
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • Chapter 1 - Introduction 1
  • Chapter 2 - Coming Together 14
  • Chapter 3 - Information Transfer 44
  • Chapter 4 - Making Decisions 77
  • Chapter 5 - Moving Together 101
  • Chapter 6 - Synchronization 130
  • Chapter 7 - Structures 151
  • Chapter 8 - Regulation 173
  • Chapter 9 - Complicated Interactions 198
  • Chapter 10 - The Evolution of Co-Operâtion 223
  • Chapter 11 - Conclusions 253
  • References 259
  • Index 293
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