Candide and Related Texts

By Voltaire; David Wootton | Go to book overview

FURTHER READING

This guide to further reading is restricted to books in English in order to make it manageable; but it should be noted that most works on Voltaire and Candide contain lengthy quotations in French. I have marked with an asterisk (*) those which are written entirely in English.

Voltaire: The best short biography is Haydn Mason, Voltaire: A Biography (London: Granada, 1981).* Much longer is Theodore Besterman, Voltaire (3rd ed., Oxford: Blackwell, 1976). Voltaire’s correspondence at the time he was writing Candide is the subject of Geoffrey Murray, Voltaire’s “Candide”: The Protean Gardener, 1755–1762 (SV 69 [1970]): an important study. On Voltaire’s life, and the significance of Candide, see also David Wootton, “Unhappy Voltaire, or ‘I Shall Never Get Over It As Long As I Live’,” History Workshop Journal No. 50 (2000), 141–59.

Lisbon and “Scarmentado”: On Lisbon: R. A. Leigh, “From the Inégalité to Candide: Notes on a Desultory Dialogue between Rousseau and Voltaire (1755–1759),” in The Age of Enlightenment: Studies Presented to Theodore Besterman, ed. W. H. Barber et al. (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1967), 66–92; Haydn Mason, “Voltaire’s ‘Sermon’ against Optimism: The Poème sur le désastre de Lisbonne,” in Enlightenment Essays in Memory of Robert Shackleton, ed. Giles Barber and C. P. Courtney (Oxford: Voltaire Foundation, 1988), 189–203; Rita Goldberg, “Voltaire, Rousseau, and the Lisbon Earthquake,” Eighteenth-Century Life 13 (1989), 1–20.* Excellent on “Scarmentado” is Roy S. Wolper, “The Black Captain and Scarmentado. Tyrant and Fool,” Eighteenth-Century Fiction 1 (1988/9), 119–31.

Candide—Books and Bibliography: There have been five books in English on Candide: Ira O. Wade, Voltaire and “Candide” (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1959); William F. Bottiglia, Voltaire’s “Candide”: Analysis of a Classic (1959; rev. ed., SV 7A [1964]); William H. Barber, Voltaire: “Candide” (London: Arnold, 1960); Haydn Mason, Candide: Optimism Demolished (New York: Twayne Publishers, 1992);* David Williams, Voltaire: Candide (London: Grant & Cutler, 1997). There are two collections of essays: Milton P. Foster, ed., Voltaire’s “Candide” and the Critics (Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth, 1962)* and Renée Waldinger, ed., Approaches to Teaching “Candide” (New York: Modern Language Association, 1987).* And two recent books look at Voltaire’s philosophical stories in general, including Candide: Robin Howells, Disabled Powers: A Reading of Voltaire’s ‘Contes’ (Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1993), and Roger Pearson, The Fables of Reason: A Study of Voltaire’s ‘Contes Philosophiques’ (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993). The most recent bibliographical survey is Robin

-xxxviii-

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Candide and Related Texts
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Introduction viii
  • Chronology xxxiv
  • Further Reading xxxviii
  • A Note on the Texts xli
  • Notes on the Translation xlii
  • Candide, or Optimism1 1
  • Before Voltaire 84
  • The Lisbon Earthquake- Rousseau versus Voltaire 95
  • Toward Candide 123
  • Voltaire’s Correspondence 132
  • After Candide 137
  • Voltaire’s Feminism 143
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