Male and female he created them.
There is no longer male and female.
The wife-taking always results in the embedding of the
female in the honor of her husband. She, in turn,
symbols the shame of the new family—its sensitivity to
public opinion and for its own self-image….Hence
divorce means the process of disembedding the female
from the honor of the male, along with a sort of
redistribution and return of the honor of the families
—Bruce J. Malina (1981)
ON THE BASIS OF THE REAL DIFFERENCES BEtween women and men, myth has drawn an imaginary line that has served to divide reality. A form of this myth that has had a strong influence on America derives from Mediterranean cultures. In ancient Mediterranean society, the male occupied public space and the female private space. For example, even the house, which is normally the place of women, was divided into a public part, where men could entertain other men, and the private part where the women, children, and slaves went about their domestic routine. The elaborate architecture of the Roman house expressed this division. The ornate front door with its vestibule faced the street. Then came the formal courtyard (the peristyle) and dining rooms (triclinia), all part of the public space. The architecture in the rest of the house—the bedrooms, kitchens, and workrooms—was much less distinctive (Thébert 1987, 378). These were the private, female parts of the house.