The 2008 Battle of Sadr City

By David E. Johnson; M. Wade Markel et al. | Go to book overview

Acknowledgments

This study began as the result of a conversation between several RAND Arroyo Center researchers and General John M. (Jack) Keane (U.S. Army, retired), former U.S. Army Vice Chief of Staff; Lieutenant General Robert P. Lennox, U.S. Army Deputy Chief of Staff, G-8; Lieutenant General William J. Lennox, Jr. (U.S. Army, retired), former Superintendent of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point; and Timothy Muchmore, Director of the U.S. Army Quadrennial Defense Review Office, G-8. We were discussing a then-recent Israeli operation in Gaza (Operation Cast Lead, which ended in January 2009). During the conversation, several participants noted that there were similarities between Cast Lead and a battle that coalition forces had fought in Iraq in 2008: the Battle of Sadr City. The RAND participants in the conversation had heard little of this operation. As we found during our subsequent research and discussions with broader audiences, the battle was only briefly noted and never fully analyzed. Through this project, we sought to make the battle and its effects more widely known and to document the lessons from Sadr City that we believe have great relevance for how the U.S. Army prepares for future operations.

We would like to acknowledge the two individuals who most understood the importance of this project and supported it throughout its course: Lieutenant General Robert P. Lennox and Timothy Muchmore. Dozens of participants in the battle also gave generously of their time in the form of interviews and follow-on discussions. Their accounts of their firsthand experiences in the events we describe in this paper were absolutely invaluable. Finally, the reviewers of this paper—Colonel Gian P. Gentile (faculty member at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point), Christopher G. Pernin (RAND Corporation), and David A. Shlapak (RAND Corporation)—provided thorough and very useful reviews.

The efforts of all these individuals contributed immeasurably to this product. We owe them all an enormous debt of gratitude.

-ix-

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The 2008 Battle of Sadr City
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Preface iii
  • Contents v
  • Figures vii
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • Abbreviations xi
  • The 2008 Battle of Sadr City 1
  • References 21
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