The liar who lacks self-knowledge destroys himself With his lies and heads for ruin; The words from a lying mouth drag a man To miserable ruin by destroying moral bounds; A lying mouth prepares the soul’s approach to the threshold Of death, where it lives in unending torment. His talkative tongue misdirects the loudmouth’s actions, While a spiteful tongue causes his ruin; His light tongue often causes the unfortunate loudmouth To harm valiant men with his words. His misdeeds will confront the liar at his death, And death will be hard on him; So any sensible man will at least be glad To try slowing his lips with his finger.
[1.] Immediately my companion, who just a moment earlier had been patiently silent and at peace, changed his expression for the worse and began to speak out, as if he were powerfully moved: Don’t tell me, Elias, that you are once again so thoroughly deluded as to return to your habitual error of believing that among the souls of so many animals only the soul of man is immortal? In my judgment, anyone who presumes to assert categorically a proposition