1. A 1980 study by sociologists Hart M. Nelson and Mary Ann Maguire indicated that one of the dilemmas facing mainline denominations is that most of their clergy come from and have a proclivity to speak to the worldview of urban cosmopolitans rather than that of rural, small town people. Hart M. Nelson and Mary Ann Maguire, “The Two Worlds of Clergy and Congregation: Dilemma for Mainline Denominations,” Sociological Analysis (Spring 1980), 74.
2. Wade Clark Roof, Community and Commitment: Religious Plausibility in a Liberal Protestant Church (New York: Elsevier, 1978).
3. Roy M. Oswald, Crossing the Boundary between Seminary and Parish (Washington, D.C.: The Alban Institute, 1979), 11.
4. Leander E. Keck, The Bible in the Pulpit: The Renewal of Biblical Preaching (Nashville: Abingdon, 1978), 62.
5. Clyde Kluckhohn and Henry Murray, Personality in Nature, Society, and Culture (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1948).
6. Clifford Geertz, The Interpretation of Cultures (New York: Basic Books, 1973), 89.
7. Christian educator Denham Grierson says that every congregation is also, in certain respects, like all others, like some others, and like no others. Transforming a People of God (Melbourne: The Joint Board of Christian Education of Australia and New Zealand, 1984), 16–18.
8. In the Encyclopedia of Anthropology, ed. David E. Hunter and Phillip Whitten (New York: Harper & Row, 1976), “subculture” is defined as “a group within a society which shares the fundamental values of the society but which also has its own distinctive folkways, mores, values, and lifestyles” (374).
9. See Marvin Harris, Cultural Anthropology (New York: Harper & Row, 1983), 6.
10. H. Richard Niebuhr, The Social Sources of Denominationalism (New York: Henry Holt, 1929).