Black Print with a White Carnation: Mildred Brown and the Omaha Star Newspaper, 1938-1989

By Amy Helene Forss | Go to book overview

Notes

INTRODUCTION

1. B. Brown, interview, August 6, 2008.

2. Woodward, Strange Career, 21; Pascoe, What Comes Naturally, 3; Dailey, Age of Jim Crow, 360–66 In 1967 the Supreme Court ruled that antimiscegenation laws violated the Fourteenth Amendment in the court case Richard Perry Loving, Mildred Jeter Loving v. Virginia, 388 U.S. 1 (1967). Marriage was ruled as a basic civil right fundamental to humankind’s survival and existence. In Alabama alone, between 1883 and 1938, a total of 343 women and men were arrested on miscegenation charges. Even the late president Abraham Lincoln, the supposed champion of black rights, was “not in favor of black people intermarrying with white people.” Myrdal, American Dilemma, 533; Dailey, Age of Jim Crow, xxix–xxx.

3. Woodward, Strange Career, 7; Du Bois, Souls of Black Folk, 134; Dailey, Age of Jim Crow, 68.

4. U.S. Department of Commerce, Negroes, p. 4, table 1; Massey and Denton, American Apartheid, 26; Grossman, Land of Hope, 35; Sitkoff, New Deal for Blacks, 35; Wright, 12 Million Black Voices, 87, 36.

5. Berkin et al., Making America, 692–93; Grossman, Land of Hope, 14; Packard, American Nightmare, 109; Grossman, Land of Hope, 15; K. Boyle, Arc of Justice, 8; Gregory, “Second Great Migration,” in Kusmer and Trotter, African American Urban History, 19–38.

6. Meyer, Don’t Move Next Door, 116. Chicago’s black belt community experienced fifty-eight bombings between 1917 and 1921, an average of one bombing every twenty days. Packard, American Nightmare, 107; K. Boyle, Arc of Justice, 98; Kornweibel, Seeing Red, 165–66 Federal Bureau of Investigation agents first assumed the rioting during the Red Summer was caused by iww propagandists but after investigation realized it had nothing to with the communist organization. Hoover did not believe his agents’ reports and had them investigate black Americans involved in the riots anyway.

7. L. Bennett, Before the Mayflower, 396; Omaha Daily Bee, September

-179-

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Black Print with a White Carnation: Mildred Brown and the Omaha Star Newspaper, 1938-1989
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Illustrations viii
  • Preface ix
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Introduction 1
  • Part 1- Laying the Foundation 19
  • 1- A Family of Fighters 21
  • 2- Involving the Community 43
  • 3- Politics of Respectability 59
  • Part 2- Ensuring Her Success 81
  • 4- Working within Her Space 83
  • 5- Collective Activism and the de Porres Club 101
  • 6- Restricted Housing and ‘Rithmetic 123
  • Part 3- Transferring Ownership to the Community 141
  • 7- Changing Strategies for Changing Times 143
  • 8- The Death of An Icon 165
  • Notes 179
  • Bibliography 211
  • Index 233
  • In the Women in the West Series 242
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