Greek Jewry in the Twentieth Century, 1913-1983: Patterns of Jewish Survival in the Greek Provinces before and after the Holocaust

By Joshua Eli Plaut | Go to book overview

Appendix 2: Deportation Testimonies

Deportation Testimony Given by Moises Pesach of Drama

On the night of 4 March 1943 in very cold weather, the police surrounded the Jewish quarter. All the inhabitants were brutally removed from their homes. All were forcibly taken to the tobacco warehouse just as in Kavalla and elsewhere. This was a large building with two stories. The unfortunate people remained here for several days. They were later taken in cattle wagons through Simitli to Lom and there all traces of them were lost (p. 166).


Deportation Testimony Given by Abraham Solomon Ovadia
of Serres

Our Jewish community numbered approximately six hundred in a town of thirty-five thousand inhabitants. All were exterminated. We had to bear a double occupation: German and Bulgarian. In Serres, just as in other towns, a Jewish quarter had existed for centuries. The people were surprised in their sleep. The police were so brutal that they did not permit us even to dress properly. Everyone was taken to the Marulis Monopoly under guard. We heard later that a round-up had taken place that same night in Kavalla, Drama, Komotini, Alexandropolis and Xanthi. About five thousand people were collected in Drama: men, women and children of all ages, healthy and ill. None of the deportees has remained living (pp. 164–65).


Deportation Testimony Given by Moris Benveniste of Kavalla

Kavalla, in Macedonia, is situated on a bay across from the island of Thassos and was occupied on 10 May 1941. First there was a parade of Germans and then came the Bulgarians. The Germans did not stay for long, maintaining only one base for hydroplanes… The new government wanted to quickly Bulgarify the region… On the night of 4 March, a monstrous round-up was carried out. In weather of five degrees below zero the detectives collected one thousand eight-hundred Jews. Not one of the deportees ever returned. The people were first interned in numerous tobacco depots, where they remained three days and nights. They were then sent to Drama and on to Poland, where

Deportation testimonies taken from A History of the Jews in Macedonia, by Alexander Matkovski (Skopje: Macedonian Review Editions, 1982).

-188-

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