The Health Consequences of Smoking--50 Years of Progress: A Report of the Surgeon General

By Office of the Surgeon General | Go to book overview

Chapter 11
General Morbidity and All-Cause Mortality
Introduction625
Smoking and General Morbidity and Economic Costs626
Biologic Basis627
Conclusions of Previous Surgeon General’s Reports627
Epidemiologic Evidence627
Health Status628
Self-Reported Poor or Fair Health628
Poor Physical or Mental Function628
Other Measures of General Health and Well-Being629
Combinations of Health Behaviors629
Medical Services Utilization and Cost629
Hospitalizations630
Outpatient Visits630
Nursing Home Stays630
Total Health Care Costs630
Workplace Absenteeism631
Evidence Synthesis631
Conclusion632
Implications632
All-Cause Mortality633
Temporal Trends in Relative Risk for All-Cause Mortality636
Temporal Trends in Survival637
Explanation for the Temporal Trends in Relative Risk and Survival638
Evidence Synthesis639
Summary641
Conclusions641
Chapter Conclusions642
Implications642
References643

-623-

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