The World and Africa: An Inquiry into the Part Which Africa Has Played in World History

By W. E. B. Du Bois | Go to book overview

CHAPTER X
THE BLACK SUDAN

How civilization flamed in the Sudan in a culture
which was African and not Arabian and which
helped light a renaissance of culture in Eu-
rope
.

EARLY in the seventh century Islam had entered North Africa and proselyted among the Berbers and Negroes. Aided by black soldiers, the Moslems crossed into Spain; in the following century, repulsed in Europe, they crossed the west end of the Sahara and came to Negroland. Later, in the eleventh century, Arabs penetrated the Sudan and Central Africa from the east, filtering through the Negro tribes of Darfur, Kanem, and neighboring regions.

Frobenius reminded us that the ensuing culture was not Arab but Negro: “The revelations of fifteenth and seventeenth century navigators furnish us with certain proof that Negro Africa, which extended south of the Sahara desert zone, was still in full bloom, in the full brilliance of harmonious and well-formed civilizations. In the last century the superstition ruled that all high culture of Africa came from Islam. Since then we have learned much, and we know today that the beautiful turbans and clothes of the Sudanese folk were already used in Africa before Mohammed was even born or before Ethiopian culture reached inner Africa. Since then we have

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The World and Africa: An Inquiry into the Part Which Africa Has Played in World History
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Foreword vii
  • Chapter I - The Collapse of Europe 1
  • Chapter II - The White Masters of the World 16
  • Chapter III - The Rape of Africa 44
  • Chapter IV - The Peopling of Africa 81
  • Chapter V - Egypt 98
  • Chapter VI - The Land of the Burnt Faces 115
  • Chapter VII - Atlantis 148
  • Chapter VIII - Central Africa and the March of the Bantu 164
  • Chapter IX - Asia in Africa 176
  • Chapter X - The Black Sudan 201
  • Chapter XI - Andromeda 226
  • The Message 261
  • Index 263
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