In April 1984, Judge Jack B. Weinstein, sitting in federal court in Brooklyn, New York, announced that a class of 250,000 Vietnam veterans exposed to the defoliant Agent Orange while serving in Vietnam, had agreed to settle nine years of class action litigation for the then-unheard-of sum of $ 180 million. Six weeks earlier Weinstein had appointed me special settlement master. Around-the-clock negotiations forced me to live out of a suitcase in Brooklyn while I tried to get the veterans and the chemical industry to resolve their complex dispute. The settlement would be funded entirely by Dow Chemical, Monsanto, and the six other chemical companies that manufactured Agent Orange for the Department of Defense. The Vietnam veterans claimed that a multitude of physical injuries, illnesses, and deaths were due to their exposure to the carcinogen dioxin, the key chemical ingredient in Agent Orange. But Weinstein believed that even though the class action suit was thoroughly reasonable, no individual veteran would ultimately be able to prove that his individual injury or illness was specifically linked to exposure to the chemical. They would have to settle. Without a fair settlement, the veterans would never get the medical help they needed.