Steel Barrio: The Great Mexican Migration to South Chicago, 1915-1940

By Michael Innis-Jiménez | Go to book overview

NOTES

INTRODUCTION

1. For further clarification, see the note on terminology and labels at the end of the introduction.

2. Amalia Pallares and Nilda Flores-González, eds., ¡Marcha!: Latino Chicago and the Immigrant Rights Movement (Urbana: University of Illinois Press,2010), xi.

3. Xóchitl Bada, “Mexican Hometown Associations in Chicago: The Newest Agents of Civic Participation,” in ¡Marcha!, 146.

4. Ibid.

5. Scott Fornek, “Chicago ‘Giant’ Put Rest of Country on Notice,” Chicago Sun-Times, Chicago, April 2, 2006; Anna Johnson, “Activists Say It’s No Surprise Chicago Immigration Rally Set Tone for the Nation,” Associated Press, April 16, 2006; “Key Dates in Immigration Protest Movement,” Associated Press, April 12, 2006.

6. U.S. Census Bureau, “Hispanic or Latino by Type, Chicago City, Illinois,” Summary File 1, Table PCT 11, 2010 Census. http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/ tableservices/jsf/pages/ productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_SF1_QTP10&prodType= table.

7. Gilbert Martínez, “Interview by Jesse J. Escalante,” in Jesse Escalante Oral Histories, Global Communities Collection, Chicago History Museum. Escalante, the interviewer, grew up in the community, was a de facto community leader and a supervisor at a government office. Going back to school to earn a graduate degree, he conducted interviews like this one with Gilbert Martínez as part of his research.

8. A few representative examples of this vast literature include: Gabriela F. Arredondo, Mexican Chicago: Race, Identity, and Nation, 1916–39 (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2008); James R. Barrett, Work and Community in the Jungle: Chicago’s Packinghouse Workers, 1894–1922 (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1987); Lizabeth Cohen, Making a New Deal: Industrial Workers in Chicago, 1919–1939 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990); Lilia Fernández, Brown in the Windy City: Mexicans and Puerto Ricans in Postwar Chicago (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012); James R. Grossman, Land of Hope: Chicago, Black Southerners, and the Great Migration (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989); Thomas A. Guglielmo, White on Arrival: Italians, Race, Color, and Power in Chicago, 1890–1945 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003); Thomas J. Joblonsky, Pride in the Jungle: Community and Everyday Life in Back of the Yards (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993); James B. LaGrand, Indian Metropolis: Native Americans in Chicago, 1945–1975 (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2002); and Dominic A. Pacyga, Polish

-187-

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Steel Barrio: The Great Mexican Migration to South Chicago, 1915-1940
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • List of Illustrations ix
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Introduction 1
  • I - Migration 17
  • 1 - Mexico and the United States 19
  • 2 - Finding Work 28
  • 3 - People and Patterns 37
  • II - Community 49
  • 4 - Home and Work 51
  • 5 - Great and Small 76
  • 6 - Resistance 102
  • III - Endurance 133
  • 7 - The Great Depression 135
  • 8 - Teamwork 158
  • Epilogue 181
  • Notes 187
  • Bibliography 219
  • Index 229
  • About the Author 235
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