Juvenile Courts in the United States

By Herbert H. Lou | Go to book overview

Appendix I
JUVENILE-COURT STANDARDS1

I. THE COURT
a. Court Given Jurisdiction
1. There should be available to every community a court equipped to deal with children's cases.
2. The laws of each State and local conditions determine whether the juvenile court should be an independent court or a branch of a court, and in what court system it should be placed. In order that the court may serve rural as well as urban population, it is usually desirable that the county should be the unit of jurisdiction.
3. The juvenile court should be a court of superior jurisdiction and a court of record. The disposition of a child in the juvenile court, or any evidence given in a juvenile court proceeding, should not be lawful evidence against the child in any civil, criminal, or other cause or proceeding in any other court.

b. Nature of Proceeding
In children's cases the proceeding should be chancery or equity, and not criminal, in nature. The juvenile court should, however, be vested with criminal jurisdiction in adult cases such as contributing to delinquency and dependency of children.c. Extent of Jurisdiction
1. The juvenile court should be vested with exclusive jurisdiction over the following classes of cases:
____________________
1
Report of the Committee Appointed by the United States Children's Bureau, August, 1921, to Formulate Juvenile-Court Standards. Adopted by a conference held under the auspices of the Children's Bureau and the National Probation Association, Washington, D. C., May 18, 1923.

The following served as members of the committee: Judge Charles W. Hoffman ( Chairman), Judge Kathryn Sellers, Judge Henry S. Hulbert, Judge Frederick P. Cabot, Dr. Miriam Van Waters, Dr. William Healy, Dr. V. V. Anderson, Charles L. Chute, Herbert C. Parsons, Bernard Fagan, Joseph L. Moss, Henry W. Thurston, Ralph S. Barrow and Emma O. Lundberg ( Secretary).

Courtesy of the United States Children's Bureau.

-221-

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