This is a book about Italy, its citizens, foreigners and Others. It is a book on italianità and national membership that I have been fortunate to write as an Italian woman, born and bred in Italy, but also as a foreigner and resident alien abroad, having been living outside the Italian peninsula for more than twenty years. The gestation of this volume has therefore been shaped by a personal mix of academic experiences, migratory life and italianità at home and abroad.
The research, writing and publication of this work would not have been possible without the generous financial support of several institutions, providing me with academic subsidies, research grants and fellowships. I am most grateful to the Fonds National Suisse de la Recherche Scientifique for its aid to publication as well as for a chercheurs débutants grant that allowed me to spend one full year in the Italian historical archives. I also wish to express my thanks to the Maison de l’Histoire of the Université de Genève for its funding toward production and publication costs; and to acknowledge my appreciation to the Tokyo Foundation and to the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva, for their annual fellowships and grants.
As a long and rewarding journey this project has benefited from the insightful advice, thought-provoking comments and continuous encouragement of many people. My greatest debts of gratitude go to Andre Liebich (Graduate Institute), whose profound knowledge and generously sharp insights provoked me to refect on many interrelated historical aspects of citizenship and national identity from the very early stages of this work; I cannot find words to thank him for his devoted intellectual presence. I am also most thankful to Peter Sahlins (University of California, Berkeley) for his useful critiques and remarks on how to rethink the citizenshipnationhood nexus and for sharing his expertise on legal-jurisprudential histories of citizenship; as well as to Bruno Arcidiacono (Graduate Institute) for his early advice to incorporate European comparisons into my research. The work has also grown along the way and progressed a great