Post-Traumatic Syndromes in Childhood and Adolescence: A Handbook of Research and Practice

By Vittoria Ardino | Go to book overview

Chapter Thirteen
A City-Wide School-Based Model for
Addressing the Needs of Children
Exposed to Terrorism and War

Ruth Pat-Horenczyk, Danny Brom, Naomi Baum, Rami
Benbenishty, Miriam Schiff, and Ron Avi Astor


Introduction

This chapter describes a broad-based school program for providing services for children in the wake of terrorism and war in Israel. The model was developed after the escalation of political violence in the Middle East with the outbreak of the Second Intifada in September 2000. It was implemented after the Second Lebanon War, when 4,000 rockets hit several cities in the north of Israel during the late summer of 2006. This chapter outlines the development of the model as well as its various components, including its limitations. We also indicate the challenges that may be faced in future adaptations of the model by other communities exposed to political conflicts, community violence, and natural disasters.

Current community-wide, post-trauma models often do not address the needs of children in an entire city. Even more important is the fact that variations in the incidence and prevalence of both post-traumatic stress and resilience in different schools in the same city are sorely neglected conceptual areas in the posttrauma literature. This limits our ability to funnel scarce physical and mental health resources to the locations that need it the most and to the children who are most vulnerable. Our model was developed with the goal of reaching each school and child in any given city or region, following a traumatic event such as war.

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