Isaiah 1-12: A Continental Commentary

By Hans Wildberger; Thomas H. Trapp | Go to book overview

The Plan of the Peoples

Literature

K. Fullerton, “The Interpretation of Isaiah 8:5–10,” JBL 43 (1924) 253–289. K. Budde, “Zu Jesaja 8, Vers 9 und 10,” JBL 49 (1930) 423–428. H. Schmidt, “Jesaja 8, 9 und 10,” Stromata, Festgabe des Akademisch-Theologischen Vereins zu Giessen, G. Bertram, ed. (1930) 3–10. M. Sæbø, “Zur Traditionsgeschichte von Jesaja 8:9–10,” ZAW 76 (1964) 132–143. H. M. Lutz, Jahwe, Jerusalem und die Völker, WMANT 27 (1968) 40–47.


Text

8:9 ‘Get yourselves close together’a you peoples—and be terrified,
listen attentively, all distant points of the earth!
Gird yourselves—and be terrified,
gird yourselves and be terrified!

10 Forgea a plan—it will break in pieces,
assemble to make an agreement—it will not come to be!
For with us is God!

9a Gk reads

(know) for the disputed word (break), thus reading—as also
L—the Hebrew form (know). Some recent commentators have followed this
reading: Gray, Buhl, Procksch, Bentzen, Kissane, Kaiser, Fohrer (1st ed.), Driver,
JSS 13 (1968) 40, et al. But this emendation is not satisfactory. Who is supposed
to be recognized? Syp reads (hear) (see Ziegler). Indeed, that is a clear
parallel to (give ear) (see Isa. 1:2, 10; 28:23; 32:9), but one would have great
difficulty understanding how (hear) could be misread as (break). More-
over, v. 9aa does not seem to be parallel to v. 9aβ, but to vv. 9bα and 10a. W.
Thomas (JTS 36 [1935] 410) also alters the text to read , not derived from ,
“to know,” but according to the Arabic wada’a, “quiet, be still,” and translates:
“be ye reduced to submission___” But that does not establish a parallel to
(gird yourselves) and (forge a plan). The same is true of the Syr: zû ’(zw’w),
“tremble.” Thus, it seems best, at the very least, to stay with the consonantal text
of the MT. seems to be an imperative masculine plural from I. Assuming
this, it can be translated “rage” (Duhm, Feldmann, et al.) or “treat godlessly”
(Rignell, op. cit., Literature, 8:1–4, p. 44), or something similar. But “rage” is a
questionable translation and “treat godlessly” once again fails to fit in with the

-349-

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Isaiah 1-12: A Continental Commentary
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Other Continental Commentaries from Fortress Press ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Translator’s Preface ix
  • The Superscription 1
  • Sons of Yahweh without Understanding 8
  • Almost like Sodom 18
  • True and False Worship of God 33
  • Good Things or the Sword 53
  • Jerusalem in a Purifying Judgment 59
  • Decadent Cult 74
  • The Pilgrimage of the Peoples to Zion 81
  • A Day of Yahweh 97
  • A Threat of Anarchy 123
  • Lament for the People of God 137
  • Yah Wen’s Accusation 140
  • Against the Pride of the Daughters of Zion 145
  • Women in Need in the City Devastated by War 157
  • The Holy Remnant on Devastated Zion 162
  • The Song of the Vineyard 175
  • Woes on the Callous and Irresponsible 188
  • Yahweh’s Outstretched Hand 218
  • Theophany and Commissioning 246
  • Not Cowardice, but Faith! 279
  • Disaster and Salvation "On That Day" 319
  • Speedy Plunder—swift Pillage 330
  • Shiloah Waters and Euphrates Flood 340
  • The Plan of the Peoples 349
  • Yahweh, the True Conspirator 354
  • The Sealing of the Admonition 363
  • Oppressive Darkness 376
  • The Great Light 383
  • Assyria’s Arrogance 411
  • The Great Fire of God 427
  • The Return of the Remnant 434
  • No Fear of Assyria 439
  • The March against Jerusalem 446
  • Messiah and Kingdom of Peace 459
  • Homecoming and Salvation 486
  • The Song of Praise of the Redeemed 499
  • Manuscript Sigla 509
  • Hebrew Grammars Cited 510
  • Abbreviations 511
  • Index of Hebrew Words 516
  • Index of Biblical and Related References 518
  • Index of Names and Subjects 521
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