Isaiah 1-12: A Continental Commentary

By Hans Wildberger; Thomas H. Trapp | Go to book overview

The Great Fire of God

Literature

K. Fullerton, “The Problem of Isaiah, Chapter 10,” AJSL 34 (1917/18) 170–184. O. Sander, “Leib-Seele-Dualismus im Alten Testament?” ZAW 77 (1965) 329332.

Concerning the text: E. Robertson, “Some Obscure Passages in Isaiah,” AJSL 49 (1932/33) 313–324; esp. 320–322. G. Schwarz, “’… das Licht Israels’?” ZAW 82 (1970) 447–448 (on 10:17a).


Text

10:16 For this reason [the Lord]a Yahweh of Hosts will allow
a leanness13 to come upon lush stretches of land,
and in the midst of its splendor there will break outc
a conflagration, just like a raging fire.

17 And the lighta of Israel will become fire
and its holy one will become a flame.
They will ignite and devour its thorn-choked undergrowthb
and its thistlesc on one day.

18 aAnd the majesty of its forests and orchards
will be destroyed along with root and branch.a
b[lt will be like when a weak person despairs.]b

19 And whatever remains of the trees3 of its forest
will be easyb to count,
(without effort) a child could make a list0 of them.

16a

(the Lord) is missing in some MSS and in Gk and should probably be removed; see Marti and G. R. Driver, JSS 13 (1968) 41.

16b

(leanness) in the singular is used as an abstract term in Isa. 17:4 (“fatness, stoutness”), but in Ps. 78:31 it is plural (strongest), used with , “company of youths”; KBL refers to the Arabic samîm, “nobleman”; it is possible that the word could mean “important, noteworthy people” in this passage. Then, (splendor) in v. 16b would have to be understood as an abstract term which is used for a concrete one; cf. Fohrer and see above, commentary on 5:13. And yet, the plural in Gen. 27:28, 39 and in Dan. 11:24 means “fruitful regions.” Without a doubt, this interpretation fits the best in the context of Isa. 10:16ff., which speaks about the destruction of part of the landscape (for a different view, G. R.

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Isaiah 1-12: A Continental Commentary
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Other Continental Commentaries from Fortress Press ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Translator’s Preface ix
  • The Superscription 1
  • Sons of Yahweh without Understanding 8
  • Almost like Sodom 18
  • True and False Worship of God 33
  • Good Things or the Sword 53
  • Jerusalem in a Purifying Judgment 59
  • Decadent Cult 74
  • The Pilgrimage of the Peoples to Zion 81
  • A Day of Yahweh 97
  • A Threat of Anarchy 123
  • Lament for the People of God 137
  • Yah Wen’s Accusation 140
  • Against the Pride of the Daughters of Zion 145
  • Women in Need in the City Devastated by War 157
  • The Holy Remnant on Devastated Zion 162
  • The Song of the Vineyard 175
  • Woes on the Callous and Irresponsible 188
  • Yahweh’s Outstretched Hand 218
  • Theophany and Commissioning 246
  • Not Cowardice, but Faith! 279
  • Disaster and Salvation "On That Day" 319
  • Speedy Plunder—swift Pillage 330
  • Shiloah Waters and Euphrates Flood 340
  • The Plan of the Peoples 349
  • Yahweh, the True Conspirator 354
  • The Sealing of the Admonition 363
  • Oppressive Darkness 376
  • The Great Light 383
  • Assyria’s Arrogance 411
  • The Great Fire of God 427
  • The Return of the Remnant 434
  • No Fear of Assyria 439
  • The March against Jerusalem 446
  • Messiah and Kingdom of Peace 459
  • Homecoming and Salvation 486
  • The Song of Praise of the Redeemed 499
  • Manuscript Sigla 509
  • Hebrew Grammars Cited 510
  • Abbreviations 511
  • Index of Hebrew Words 516
  • Index of Biblical and Related References 518
  • Index of Names and Subjects 521
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