Islamic Fundamentalism: An Introduction

By Lawrence Davidson | Go to book overview

APPENDIX C
Primary Documents

The first part of this document section presents excerpts from the Quran and hadith. These sources are considered by believing Muslims to represent the word of God (the Quran) and the word or example of the prophet Muhammad (hadith). They therefore carry the force of law and are interpreted and enforced as such by many Muslim states. Next are documents expressing the views of recognized Muslim fundamentalist thinkers. These present representative ideas and concepts that help influence today’s Islamic fundamentalist worldview. While these are the views of important individuals, they do not carry the force of law and are accepted or rejected by Muslims according to circumstances. Readers are encouraged to compare these ideas with those that shape Western society and norms to achieve an understanding of the differences in outlook that exist between the two cultures.

The following excerpts are from the Quran. The Quran is the Muslim holy book revealed by Allah (or God) to the prophet Muhammad. The Quran is divided into chapters known as surahs. The surahs given below are translations from The Message of the Quran,translated by Muhammad Asad (England: The Book Foundation, 2003), used by permission of The Book Foundation.

The Hadith are documented accounts of the sayings, actions, and approvals of Muhammad or those of his close companions of which he approved. Those cited here are taken from (1) Mulana Muhammad Ali, A Manual of Hadith (Lahore, Pakistan: Ahmadiyya Anjuman Ishaat Islam, no date), and (2) Allama Sir Abdullah al-Mamun al-Suhrawardy, The Sayings of Muhammad (New York: Citadel Press, 1995), used by

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