America's Heroes: Medal of Honor Recipients from the Civil War to Afghanistan

By James H. Willbanks | Go to book overview

Moffett, William A.

Born: October 31, 1869

Died: April 4, 1933

Home State: South Carolina

Service: Navy

Conflict: Mexican Campaign (Veracruz)

Age at Time of Award: 46

Born in Charleston, South Carolina, on October 31, 1869, to George Hall Moffett and Elizabeth Moffet, William A. Moffett had an ordinary early childhood with the lone exception of losing his father in an accident on June 27, 1875. After attending Charleston High School, Moffett’s uncle, George H. Simonton, convinced him to apply to the US Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland. After passing the entrance examination, Moffett enter the academy on September 20, 1886. He graduated from the academy on June 10, 1890, and, after two years of sea duty, received his commission as an ensign on July 14, 1892.

During his early career, he served aboard various vessels including the cruiser USS Baltimore, wooden frigate USS Portsmouth, and the cruiser USS Chicago (commanded by Capt. Alfred Th ayer Mahan), and he attended the Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island. During the Spanish-American War, Moffett served aboard the USS Charleston, which took part in Adm. George Dewey’s blockade of Manila Harbor.

By 1905, Moffett had risen to the rank of lieutenant commander and made a name for himself as a dedicated and highly competent naval officer. In 1911, the Navy promoted him to commander, and, in 1913, he took command of the light cruiser USS Chester.

In April 1914, the USS Chester, under the command of Moffett, was part of Adm. Frank E. Fletcher’s US Navy task force detailed to preserve American interests in the burgeoning Mexican Revolution. On the evening of April 21–22, following the earlier landing of the initial US contingent at Veracruz, Moffett single-handedly navigated the USS Chester, without benefit of a pilot, into a position where the ship provided critical coverage of landing parties as well as fire support for US forces on shore. Throughout the engagement, the USS Chester remained under constant small arms fire and fired 160 rounds onto inshore positions.

On December 4, 1915, Moffett received the Medal of Honor. It is important to note that the actions in Veracruz were the first military action in which officers were eligible for the Medal of Honor. In addition to Moffett, 36 Officers and 18 enlisted men also demonstrated gallantry and bravery that earned them the Medal of Honor.

After the events in Veracruz, Moffett continued to serve in the US Navy and was promoted to captain in August 1916, while he served as commander of the Great Lakes Naval Training Center. In the years 1918 to 1921, he achieved the pinnacle of a 20th-century naval career by commanding the battleship USS Mississippi.

Despite having commanded a battleship, Moffett had become increasingly convinced that aviation had a future in the US Navy. In March 1921, he became director of naval aviation with the temporary rank of rear admiral, which the US Navy made a permanent rank in 1923 as Moffett oversaw the creation of the Navy’s Aviation Bureau. Moffett served as head of the bureau until his death, a result of the crash of the Navy’s Airship USS Akron, on which he was a passenger, on April 4, 1933. During his tenure at the Aviation Bureau, Moffett worked to establish aviation as a critical component of the US Navy. For his steadfast support and tireless dedication, he is widely acknowledged at the “Father of Naval Aviation.”

Moffett is buried in Arlington National Cemetery. The naval air station he helped establish at Sunnyvale, California, was renamed Moffett Field in his honor shortly after his death.

Sean N. Kalic


Further Reading

Coletta, Paolo, and Bernarr B. Coletta. Admiral William A. Moffett and U.S. Naval Aviation. Lewiston, NY: Edmin Mellen Press, 1997.

Trimble, William F. Admiral William A. Moffett: Architect of Naval Aviation. Annapolis, MD: Bluejacket Books, 2007.

-225-

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America's Heroes: Medal of Honor Recipients from the Civil War to Afghanistan
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • List of Entries ix
  • Acknowledgments xiii
  • Preface xv
  • Introduction xvii
  • Adams, Lucian 1
  • Baca, John P. 2
  • Bacon, Nicky Daniel 4
  • Baker, Vernon 6
  • Baldwin, Frank D. 8
  • Ballard, Donald E. 11
  • Barfoot, Van T. 13
  • Barnum, Harvey C., Jr 14
  • Barrett, Carlton W. 16
  • Basilone, John 18
  • Benavidez, Roy P. 20
  • Birkhimer, William E. 22
  • Blake, Robert 24
  • Bleak, David B. 25
  • Boyington, Gregory 27
  • Brady, Patrick Henry 29
  • Britt, Maurice L. 30
  • Brown, Bobbie E. 32
  • Bucha, Paul William 34
  • Burke, Lloyd L. 36
  • Bush, Robert Eugene 38
  • Butler, Smedley Darlington 40
  • Butterfield, Daniel 42
  • Cafferata, Hector a., Jr 43
  • Carney, William H. 45
  • Cavaiani, Jon R. 48
  • Chamberlain, Joshua L. 49
  • Childers, Ernest 51
  • Cody, William F. 53
  • Cohn, Abraham 55
  • Cole, Robert G. 57
  • Craft, Clarence B. 59
  • Crandall, Bruce P. 61
  • Custer, Thomas W. 63
  • Dahlgren, John Olof 65
  • Daly, Daniel Joseph 67
  • Davila, Rudolph B. 69
  • Davis, Charles W. 70
  • Davis, Raymond G. 73
  • Davis, Sammy L. 74
  • Day, George E. 76
  • Dean, William F. 78
  • Deblanc, Jefferson Joseph 79
  • Dix, Drew Dennis 81
  • Donlon, Roger Hugh C. 84
  • Donovan, William Joseph 85
  • Doolittle, James H. 87
  • Doss, Desmond T. 88
  • Dunham, Jason L. 90
  • Dunham, Russell E. 91
  • Dyess, Aquilla James 93
  • Ehlers, Walter D. 96
  • Evans, Ernest Edwin 98
  • Faith, Don C., Jr 100
  • Finn, John William 102
  • Fletcher, Frank Jack 104
  • Fluckey, Eugene Bennett 105
  • Foley, Robert F. 107
  • Foss, Joseph Jacob 109
  • Fox, John Robert 112
  • Freeman, Ed W. 113
  • Funston, Frederick 115
  • Galer, Robert Edward 117
  • García, Macario 119
  • Gonsalves, Harold 121
  • Gonzalez, Alfredo 123
  • Gordon, Gary I. 125
  • Hagemeister, Charles Chris 126
  • Harmon, Roy W. 128
  • Harrell, William George 130
  • Hatch, John P. 131
  • Hayashi, Shizuya 133
  • Hayes, Webb C. 134
  • Heard, John W. 137
  • Hendrix, James R. 139
  • Hernández, Rodolfo P. 140
  • Herrera, Silvestre S. 142
  • Hooper, Joe R. 144
  • Howard, Oliver O. 146
  • Howard, Robert L. 148
  • Inouye, Daniel K. 150
  • Irwin, Bernard J. D. 154
  • Izac, Edouard Victor Michel 155
  • Jackson, Joe M. 158
  • Jacobs, Jack H. 160
  • Joel, Lawrence 162
  • Kaufman, Benjamin 164
  • Keeble, Woodrow W. 166
  • Kelly, Charles E. 167
  • Kerrey, Joseph R. 169
  • Kisters, Gerry H. 171
  • Kouma, Ernest R. 173
  • Lang, George C. 175
  • Lemon, Peter C. 177
  • Levitow, John L. 178
  • Liteky, Angelo J. 181
  • Livingston, James E. 182
  • Lopez, Jose M. 184
  • Lucas, Jacklyn Harold 186
  • Luke, Frank, Jr 189
  • Mabry, George L., Jr 191
  • Macarthur, Arthur, Jr 193
  • Macarthur, Douglas 195
  • Mackie, John F. 198
  • Mallon, George H. 200
  • Marm, Walter Joseph, Jr 201
  • Martinez, Joe P. 203
  • McCool, Richard Miles, Jr 204
  • McGinnis, Ross A. 206
  • McGinty, John J., III 207
  • McKinney, John R. 209
  • Merli, Gino J. 211
  • Miles, L. Wardlaw 213
  • Miles, Nelson A. 214
  • Millett, Lewis L. 218
  • Miyamura, Hiroshi H. 220
  • Mize, Ola L. 223
  • Moffett, William A. 225
  • Monsoor, Michael A. 226
  • Monti, Jared C. 227
  • Munemori, Sadao S. 229
  • Munro, Douglas Albert 231
  • Murphy, Audie L. 233
  • Murphy, Michael P. 235
  • Murphy, Raymond G. 236
  • Norris, Thomas R. 238
  • Novosel, Michael J. 240
  • O’Hare, Edward Henry 243
  • O’Kane, Richard Hetherington 245
  • Okubo, James K. 246
  • Olive, Milton L., III 248
  • O’Neill, Richard W. 249
  • Page, John U. D. 251
  • Paige, Mitchell 254
  • Parker, Samuel I. 256
  • Pennypacker, Galusha 258
  • Penry, Richard A. 260
  • Pitsenbarger, William H. 262
  • Pittman, John A. 264
  • Pittman, Richard A. 265
  • Pope, Everett Parker 267
  • Pope, Thomas A. 269
  • Rascon, Alfred V. 271
  • Ray, Ronald Eric 273
  • Red Cloud, Mitchell, Jr 275
  • Rickenbacker, Edward V. 278
  • Roberts, Gordon R. 279
  • Rocco, Louis R. 281
  • Rodriguez, Joseph C. 283
  • Roosevelt, Theodore 285
  • Rosser, Ronald E. 287
  • Rubin, Tibor 289
  • Rudolph, Donald E. 291
  • Ruiz, Alejandro R. Renteria 293
  • Sakato, George T. 294
  • Salomon, Ben L. 296
  • Sandlin, Willie 298
  • Sasser, Clarence Eugene 300
  • Schofield, John M. 302
  • Shafter, William R. 303
  • Shoup, David Monroe 305
  • Shughart, Randall D. 307
  • Sickles, Daniel E. 310
  • Sijan, Lance P. 312
  • Simanek, Robert E. 313
  • Sitter, Carl L. 315
  • Smith, Andrew Jackson 317
  • Smith, Paul R. 319
  • Spurrier, Junior J. 320
  • Stockdale, James B. 322
  • Stone, James L. 324
  • Stowers, Freddie 326
  • Thornton, Michael Edwin 327
  • Thorsness, Leo K. 329
  • Titus, Calvin Pearl 332
  • Turner, George B. 333
  • Urban, Matt 335
  • Vandegrift, Alexander Archer 337
  • Vargas, Jay R. 339
  • Versace, Humbert R. 341
  • Wahlen, George Edward 343
  • Wai, Francis B. 345
  • Wainwright, Jonathan M. 347
  • Walker, Dr. Mary E. 349
  • Ware, Keith L. 350
  • Warren, Francis E. 352
  • Watson, George 353
  • Watters, Charles Joseph 354
  • Webb, Alexander S. 358
  • Wetzel, Gary George 360
  • Whiteley, Eli 362
  • Whittington, Hulon B. 363
  • Williams, Hershel Woodrow 365
  • Wilson, Louis Hugh, Jr. 367
  • Wood, Leonard 369
  • Woodfill, Samuel 372
  • York, Alvin C. 373
  • Young, Rodger W. 375
  • Zabitosky, Fred William 377
  • Zeamer, Jay, Jr. 379
  • Recipients of the Medal of Honor 381
  • Double Award Recipients 487
  • Medals of Honor Awarded by Conflict and Service 489
  • Bibliography 493
  • Index 511
  • About the Editor 529
  • Contributors 531
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