The Children of Aataentsic: A History of the Huron People to 1660

By Bruce G. Trigger | Go to book overview

Chapter 7 The Interregnum and
the New Alliance

New France in Eclipse

Relations between the Huron and the French were disrupted by the brief war that began between France and England in 1627. In the course of the war, Quebec was captured by the English, thus upsetting the precarious balance of relations that had existed in eastern Canada since 1615. The years 1628 to 1634 were a period of great uncertainty for the Huron, not only in their trading relations with Europeans, but also because of the intrigues of the Algonkin, who were anxious to exploit a confused situation to regain their former role as middlemen.

The war also wrecked important plans for the development of New France that the French Jesuits had played a major role in helping to formulate. In 1626 the Duc de Ventadour’s confessor, Philibert Noyrot, returned to France after a brief sojourn in Quebec, in order to seek official support to have the monopoly of the Compagnie de Caën revoked and for the development of New France as a Roman Catholic colony. The plans that the Jesuits proposed were similar to those being advocated by Joseph Le Caron, but they pursued their objectives with much greater vigour and perspicacity. Soon after he returned to France Noyrot had an audience with Gardinal Richelieu, who was seeking to strengthen French naval power and to encourage commercial adventures abroad. Later, th; nigh the intervention of the Duc de Ventadour, he persuaded Richelieu that Protestants should be forbidden to settle in New France. It is also believed to have been on Noyrot’s advice that the Duc de Ventadour resigned his vice-regal office and the Marquise de Guercheville gave up her rights in Acadia (Monet 1966a). These initiatives significantly aided Richelieu’s efforts to improve the management of New France by founding a merchant company on the model of ones already being operated by the English and the Dutch. Ventadour’s resignation allowed the cardinal to assume lirect control of New France and to dissolve the Compagnie de Caën. The latter was replaced by a new company, called the Compagnie des Cent-Associés and later the Compagnie de la Nouvelle France. This company was granted a fifteen-year monopoly over all trade with North America and a perpetual

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The Children of Aataentsic: A History of the Huron People to 1660
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page v
  • Contents vii
  • Illustrations xi
  • Illustrations xvi
  • Maps xxi
  • Preface to the 1987 Reprinting xxiv
  • Preface to the First Edition xxxviii
  • To Barbara, Isabel, and Rosalyn xliv
  • Chapter 1- Introduction 1
  • Chapter 2- The Huron and Their Neighbours 27
  • Chapter 3- The Birth of the Huron 105
  • Chapter 4- Alien Shadows 177
  • Chapter 5- Forging an Alliance 246
  • Chapter 6- The Quiet Years 331
  • Chapter 7- The Interregnum and - The New Alliance 455
  • Chapter 8- The Deadly Harvest 499
  • Chapter 9- The Storm 603
  • Chapter 10- The Storm within 665
  • Chapter 11- The End of the Confederacy 725
  • Chapter 12- Betrayal and Salvation 789
  • Chapter 13- Conclusions 841
  • Notes 851
  • References 857
  • Index 885
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