The European Union Explained: Institutions, Actors, Global Impact

By Andreas Staab | Go to book overview

10
Regional Rolicy and Cohesion
Cohesion intends to close the prosperity gap between rich and poor, or, more specifically, it is the process of reducing economic and social disparities between regions. The EU has 268 regions, 81 in the 12 new member states and 187 in the old EU-15. Some regions are simply synonymous with established historical entities, such as Catalonia in Spain, Tuscany in Italy, or Bavaria in Germany, but regions had to be created in countries without a federalist tradition, such as the UK. Thus Britain has the South West region, which has no historical precedent. A region ought to represent a coherent, geographical, administrative, and, above all, economic entity. The EU measures the wealth of a region based on its GDP per capita. Three questions surround the current picture of cohesion:
1. Is EU cohesion simply a side payment to buy support for European integration?
2. Has EU cohesion reduced economic disparities in the EU?
3. Should the EU be concerned with cohesion at all?
4. Why were some countries (such as Ireland) able to use their cohesion money effectively to promote economic growth, whereas others (most notably Greece) were not?

-106-

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The European Union Explained: Institutions, Actors, Global Impact
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • Acknowledgments xiii
  • Acronyms xv
  • Tables xix
  • Part One - The Evolution of the European Union 1
  • 1 - Parameters of European Integration 3
  • 2 - Enlarsement 32
  • Part Two - Institutions 47
  • 3 - The European Commission 49
  • 4 - The European Council 56
  • 5 - The Council of Ministers 61
  • 6 - The European Parliament 67
  • 7 - The European Court of Justice 76
  • 8 - Checks and Balances 84
  • Part Three - Policies 91
  • 9 - The Single Market and Competition 93
  • 10 - Regional Rolicy and Cohesion 106
  • 11 - The Common Agricultural Policy 116
  • 12 - Economic and Monetary Union 128
  • 13 - Justice and Home Affairs 141
  • 14 - Common Foreign and Security Policy 151
  • 15 - Trade and the Common Commercial Policy 161
  • 16 - Environment 171
  • 17 - The Sovereign Debt Crisis in the Eurozone 179
  • Outlook- The Future of European Integration 197
  • Notes 205
  • Bibliosraphy 225
  • Index 229
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