Drivers of Long-Term Insecurity and Instability in Pakistan: Urbanization

By Jonah Blank; Christopher Clary et al. | Go to book overview

CHAPTER FOUR
The Political Environment

Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz

At a national level, Pakistan’s governing party garnered only 33.3 percent of the votes in the 2013 election,1 but due to the first-past-the-post electoral structure, this translated to 129 of the 272 directly elected seats in the National Assembly (compared with 34 for PPP and 25 for PTI)2 and made Nawaz Sharif the prime minister. PML-N’s dominance of Punjab has never seriously been challenged, and the party looks set to control Pakistan’s most populous province for the foreseeable future: In the 2013 election, it won 214 of 297 seats in the provincial assembly, by far its strongest showing anywhere in the country (by contrast, it won only four of 130 seats in the Sindh provincial assembly, 12 of 99 in KPK, and nine of 51 in Balochistan). In demographic terms, it has not expanded significantly beyond its core constituency of ethnic Punjabis, but this slice of the population is sufficiently large and engaged to ensure that whoever controls it will be at the center

1 Seat counts in Pakistan’s national and provincial assemblies are constantly changing: In the May 2013 elections, many candidates ran in multiple constituencies, so by-elections were held to fill vacancies due to cases of multiple wins; in the frantic government-shaping that followed the polls, the PML-N seat count rose as more legislators scrambled to get on board with the new regime. To maintain comparability, the results cited in this section (and throughout the report, except where explicitly noted) refer to seats won by direct election (that is, excluding seats reserved for specific communities, often conferred on a proportional basis), as of the conclusion of vote counting in May 2013.

2 Figures for 2013 election results cited in this section are taken from the compilation at HamariWeb.com, 2013.

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Drivers of Long-Term Insecurity and Instability in Pakistan: Urbanization
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Preface iii
  • Contents v
  • Figures ix
  • Tables xi
  • Executive Summary xiii
  • Acknowledgments xvii
  • Abbreviations xix
  • Chapter One - Introduction 1
  • Chapter Two - Urbanization Trends in Pakistan 5
  • Chapter Three - Karachi, Lahore, Quetta- A Tale of Three Cities 17
  • Chapter Four - The Political Environment 33
  • Chapter Five - Security Considerations 41
  • Chapter Six - Lessons for the Future 53
  • Appendix - Most Populous Cities 59
  • References 63
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