Tragic Years, 1860-1865: A Documentary History of the American Civil War - Vol. 2

By Paul M. Angle; Earl Schenck Mlers | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 25
FATEFUL JULY

ON JUNE 16, 1863, Lincoln had written to his wife, who was visiting in Philadelphia: “It is a matter of choice with yourself whether you come home. There is no reason why you should not, that did not exist when you went away. As bearing on the question of your coming home, I do not think the raid into Pennsylvania amounts to anything at all.”

A week later “the raid” had proved the precursor of a full-scale invasion. On June 27 residents of Philadelphia read an ominous proclamation:

“CITIZENS OF PHILADELPHIA: Prepare to defend your homes. The traitors who have spread desolation in the southern counties of your State, and carried into captivity free men and women, because they were black and under your protection, approach your city. Their strategy is sufficiently well understood to make it certain that their object is Philadelphia. Do the citizens of the Quaker City expect more favorable treatment at their hands than others? Arise now in your might; shake off your apathy, meet the enemy and drive him back, that you may deserve the blessings of a home. To stand idly now would invite suspicion either of treachery or cowardice. I urge upon the citizens of Philadelphia that they close all places of manufacture by noon, and all other places of business at three o’clock P.M. of each day, devoting the remainder of the day to military organization and instruction. Let companies of from sixty to a hundred men each be rapidly organized, and having chosen their officers, stand ready at a moment’s notice. There is not a moment to be lost, and therefore let us not squander away valuable time.

N. J. T. DANA, Major-Gen, Commanding.”

-633-

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Tragic Years, 1860-1865: A Documentary History of the American Civil War - Vol. 2
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • 1863 - Continued ix
  • Chapter 23 - Mississippi High Jinks- Vicksburg 563
  • Chapter 24 - Seesaw- Vicksbrg and Gettysburg 599
  • Chapter 25 - Fateful July 633
  • Chapter 26 - The Rock of Chickamauga 669
  • Chapter 27 - "The Year of the Proclamation" 703
  • Chapter 28 - The Depths of Suffering 722
  • 1864 751
  • Chapter 29 - "A Hideous Failure" 753
  • Chapter 30 - "Cries Arose of Grant!" 780
  • Chapter 31 - "Bold Offensive" 813
  • Chapter 32 - From Cherbourg Harbor to Peach Tree Creek 839
  • Chapter 33 - "War Is War" 868
  • Chapter 34 - The Best of Freedom 898
  • Chapter 35 - While All Georgia Howled 924
  • Chapter 36 - A Gift for Mr. Lincoln 949
  • 1865 971
  • Chapter 37 - A King’s Cure for All Evils 973
  • Chapter 38 - The Hard Hand of War 991
  • Chapter 39 - "An Affectionate Farewell" 1012
  • Chapter 40 - "Where I Left Off" 1043
  • Notes 1052
  • Index 1067
  • About the Authors 1098
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