Achieving Peace in Northern Mali: Past Agreements, Local Conflicts, and the Prospects for a Durable Settlement

By Stephanie Pezard; Michael Shurkin | Go to book overview

Preface

This report examines the prospects for stabilization in Mali following the political and military crisis that began in 2012. In that perspective, it examines why past peace accords failed and the extent to which those failures can be attributed to poor implementation and lack of good will from Bamako (the most commonly heard explanation) or to the presence of “spoilers” among northern communities whose political interests clashed with those of other factions. The report highlights the key grievances that have yet to be effectively addressed and suggests ways to include them in future peace and security agreements. Finally, to identify lessons that might be applied to Mali, the report examines the factors behind the relative stability of Mali’s neighbor Niger, which faces nearly all the same drivers of instability that Mali does.

This research was sponsored by the Office of African Affairs in the Office of the Secretary of Defense and conducted within the International Security and Defense Policy Center of the RAND National Defense Research Institute, a federally funded research and development center sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, the Unified Combatant Commands, the Navy, the Marine Corps, the defense agencies, and the defense Intelligence Community.

For more information on the International Security and Defense Policy Center, see http://www.rand.org/nsrd/ndri/centers/isdp.html or contact the director (contact information is provided on the web page).

-iii-

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Achieving Peace in Northern Mali: Past Agreements, Local Conflicts, and the Prospects for a Durable Settlement
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Preface iii
  • Contents v
  • Figures and Tables vii
  • Summary ix
  • Acknowledgments xix
  • Abbreviations xxi
  • Chapter One - Introduction 1
  • Chapter Two - A Brief History of Mali’s Rebellions and the Implementation of Peace Accords 5
  • Chapter Three - Explaining the Failure of Past Peace Accords 23
  • Chapter Four - Moving Forward 45
  • Chapter Five - Is There a Nigerien Model of Resilience? 59
  • Chapter Six - Conclusion 89
  • References 93
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