Achieving Peace in Northern Mali: Past Agreements, Local Conflicts, and the Prospects for a Durable Settlement

By Stephanie Pezard; Michael Shurkin | Go to book overview

Summary

The French-led military intervention in Mali that began on January 11, 2013, has succeeded in scattering, and severely weakening, the Islamist groups that had seized control of the northern half of the country over the course of the previous year. The French campaign brought most of the region back under at least nominal Malian government control. However, it has not addressed any of the political and ethnic conflicts that generated the crisis, and these conflicts are already reasserting themselves. Clashes between the Malian army and the Tuareg group that started the rebellion in early 2012, the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (Mouvement national de libération de l’Azawad [MNLA]), as well as the continuing insurgent and terrorist activities of the Movement for Unity and Jihad in West Africa (MUJWA) despite the continuing presence of French troops, bodes poorly for Bamako’s ability to control the region in the future. It emphasizes the need to craft new political and security arrangements that will offer better prospects for stability. Figure S.1 shows Mali and its neighbors.

Although many Mali and peace-building experts speak of the need for greater political inclusion, foreign security assistance, and integration of northerners into Mali’s armed forces and administration, their proposals are short on details. This report attempts to fill that gap and suggest a more efficient application of limited resources by (1) providing more-concrete information as to the viability of specific political and security arrangements, given Mali’s past experience; (2) identifying the political actors that are most likely to play a role in the future political and security arrangements in northern Mali; and

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Achieving Peace in Northern Mali: Past Agreements, Local Conflicts, and the Prospects for a Durable Settlement
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Preface iii
  • Contents v
  • Figures and Tables vii
  • Summary ix
  • Acknowledgments xix
  • Abbreviations xxi
  • Chapter One - Introduction 1
  • Chapter Two - A Brief History of Mali’s Rebellions and the Implementation of Peace Accords 5
  • Chapter Three - Explaining the Failure of Past Peace Accords 23
  • Chapter Four - Moving Forward 45
  • Chapter Five - Is There a Nigerien Model of Resilience? 59
  • Chapter Six - Conclusion 89
  • References 93
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