Achieving Peace in Northern Mali: Past Agreements, Local Conflicts, and the Prospects for a Durable Settlement

By Stephanie Pezard; Michael Shurkin | Go to book overview

CHAPTER THREE
Explaining the Failure of Past Peace Accords

For many northern Malians, the explanation for the failure of previous peace accords is simple: Bamako never followed through. A Malian Arab notable interviewed for this study described the problem in the following terms:

Peace didn’t hold in the past because it’s like in a marriage. There
will be problems, but, so long as they work at it, they’ll be fine.
The problem is that, with Mali, one of the partners had no inter-
est in making things work.1

Although there is much to be said for this argument, the reality has been far more complicated and merits more consideration. This chapter examines the main challenges that have crippled peace-accord implementation: the lack of representation of the armed group that negotiated each of the peace accords; the nature of the grievances at the root of the rebellions; the shortcomings of democratization and decentralization; Bamako’s limited legitimacy in Mali’s most-remote regions; persistent insecurity; and, finally, the lack of transitional justice.

1 Arab leader B, interview with Michael Shurkin, Bamako, October 8, 2013.

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Achieving Peace in Northern Mali: Past Agreements, Local Conflicts, and the Prospects for a Durable Settlement
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Preface iii
  • Contents v
  • Figures and Tables vii
  • Summary ix
  • Acknowledgments xix
  • Abbreviations xxi
  • Chapter One - Introduction 1
  • Chapter Two - A Brief History of Mali’s Rebellions and the Implementation of Peace Accords 5
  • Chapter Three - Explaining the Failure of Past Peace Accords 23
  • Chapter Four - Moving Forward 45
  • Chapter Five - Is There a Nigerien Model of Resilience? 59
  • Chapter Six - Conclusion 89
  • References 93
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