Taxing the Poor: Doing Damage to the Truly Disadvantaged

By Katherine S. Newman; Rourke L. O’Brien | Go to book overview

NOTES

PREFACE

1. See Tax Foundation, State Sales, Gasoline, Cigarette, and Alcohol Tax Rates by State, 2000–2010 (Washington, DC), http://www.taxfoundation .org/taxdata/show/245.html, accessed September 3, 2010.

2. Only 24 percent of the nation’s private and 12 percent of its public four-year university graduates have loans of this size. See Sandy Baum and Patricia Steele, Who Borrows Most? Bachelor’s Degree Recipients with High Levels of Student Debt (College Board, 2010), http://advocacy .collegeboard.org/sites/default/files/Trends-Who-Borrows-Most-Brief .pdf, ac cessed May 18, 2010.

3. Only 4 percent of those graduating from for-profit colleges leave debt free, compared with 28 percent of graduates from private universities and 38 percent from public universities (ibid.).

4. Only debtors who can prove that repayment would cause “undue hardship” can get rid of education loans of this kind, and it is very hard to qualify, even for someone like Bea, because Congress has never defined what the term undue hardship actually means.

5. FinAid, Low Odds of a Successful Undue Hardship Discharge (Mark Kantrowitz, Publisher), http://www.finaid.org/questions/bankruptcy .phtml, accessed May 18, 2010.

-183-

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Taxing the Poor: Doing Damage to the Truly Disadvantaged
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Illustrations ix
  • Tables xv
  • Preface xvii
  • Acknowledgments xliii
  • Chapter One - The Evolution of Southern Tax Structures 1
  • Chapter Two - Barriers to Change Inertia, Supermajorities, and Constitutional Amendments 31
  • Chapter Three - The Geography of Poverty 57
  • Chapter Four - Tax Traps and Regional Poverty Regimes 86
  • Chapter Five - The Bottom Line 125
  • Conclusion - Are We Our Brothers’ Keepers? 149
  • Appendix I - How Many Lags of X? 163
  • Appendix II - Tables 175
  • Notes 183
  • Index 207
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