Understanding Global Slavery: A Reader

By Kevin Bales | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 4
Slavery and the Emergence
of Non-governmental
Organizations

The Big Shift

One significant change in the nature of political action over the last fifty years is the shift away from established political parties to nonstate, issue-based campaigning groups, and away from nation-state politics to global politics. Before World War II, formal politics tended to take place at the level of the nation-state and within a context of competing sovereign nation-states. Indeed, the nation-state was a defining feature of life in the early twentieth century. In democratic countries, political action normally occurred through the vehicle of ideologically driven political parties competing for power. These parties operated with a bundle of policies and programs. Most of the social and political scientists of earlier periods—Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Hegel, Mill, Marx, Weber— assumed the primacy of the nation-state. Only Kant, with his notion of cosmopolitanism, could be considered an exception.1

After 1945, nation-states and broadly based political parties continued to predominate, but movements emerged that concentrated on achieving goals that transcended nation-state borders. These movements highlighted such issues as the global environment and universal human rights, issues that had not been adequately taken up by political parties.

The shift away from nation-state-based politics to these issue-based concerns (connected to what Anthony Giddens calls “life politics”) reflects a growing awareness among the citizenry that the things which most directly affect our lives often transcend national boundaries and the reach of national political parties and governments.2 The result has been

-69-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Understanding Global Slavery: A Reader
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 212

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.