New Philadelphia: An Archaeology of Race in the Heartland

By Paul A. Shackel | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 9
Three Generations of Building
and One Hundred Years of
Living in New Philadelphia

The third field season began much like the first. Terry Martin zipped back and forth to the Springfield airport, picking up students. In the three years of our fieldwork students came from as far as Puerto Rico and as close as Barry, Illinois. Chris Fennell surveyed in a grid for Michael Hargrave’s geophysical work and we prepared for our orientation meeting with the students. We already knew that McWorter family members planned to visit the site toward the end of June.

This field season furnished significant information that confirmed that New Philadelphia had at least three generations of building and that people lived in the town for almost one hundred years. It was a dynamic place, with families building, remodeling, and adding extensions to their houses and tearing down older buildings and temporary log cabins. Archaeological evidence helped to support the oral histories and documentary records about the long time depth of the place.


FIRST GENERATION OF BUILDING
AND ABANDONMENT

The walkover survey identified a large quantity of artifacts in the eastern portion of block 4. A concentration of cut nails on the surface suggests that a building, and possibly buildings, once stood in the immediate area (Gwaltney 2004). Close to the intersection of the blacktop road

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